Tantraloka [sanskrit text]

by Jun Takashima | 2020 | 46,255 words

The Sanskrit text of the Tantraloka of Abhinavagupta including grammatical analysis, English glossary and comparative print editions. The Tantraloka (“light on Tantra”) was written by Abhinavagupta in the 10th century in Kashmir and represents a major Encyclopedic work in Shaivism dealing with many core aspects and terminology.

मातुः स्वभावो यत्तस्यां शङ्कते नैष जातुचित् ।
स्वकृतत्ववशादेव सर्ववित्स हि शङ्करः ॥ २० ॥

mātuḥ svabhāvo yattasyāṃ śaṅkate naiṣa jātucit |
svakṛtatvavaśādeva sarvavitsa hi śaṅkaraḥ || 20 ||

The English translation of Tantraloka Verse 35.20 is contained in the book Sri Tantraloka by Satya Prakash Singh & Swami Maheshvarananda. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Prakash Singh & Swami Maheshvarananda (2015)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (35.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Matri, Matu, Svabhava, Yatta, Naisha, Jatu, Cit, Svakrita, Tva, Avasha, Eva, Sarvavid, Shankara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Tantraloka Verse 35.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “mātuḥ svabhāvo yattasyāṃ śaṅkate naiṣa jātucit”
  • mātuḥ -
  • mātṛ (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    mātuḥ (ablative single)
    mātuḥ (genitive single)
    mātu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    mātuḥ (nominative single)
    mātṛ (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    mātuḥ (ablative single)
    mātuḥ (genitive single)
  • svabhāvo* -
  • svabhāva (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    svabhāvaḥ (nominative single)
  • yattasyā -
  • yatta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yattasya (genitive single)
    yatta (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    yattasya (genitive single)
    yat -> yatta (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    yattasya (genitive single), from √yat (class 1 verb)
    yat -> yatta (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    yattasya (genitive single), from √yat (class 1 verb)
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    am (adverb)
    am (accusative single)
    ā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    am (adverb)
    e (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    am (accusative single)
  • śaṅkate -
  • śaṅk (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    śaṅkate (present middle third single)
  • naiṣa -
  • naiṣa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    naiṣa (vocative single)
  • jātu -
  • jātu (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    jātu (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    jātu (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    jātu (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    jātu (nominative single)
    jātu (vocative single)
    jātu (accusative single)
    jātū (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    jātu (adverb)
    jātu (vocative single)
    jātū (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    jātu (compound)
    jātu (adverb)
    jātu (vocative single)
    jātū (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    jātu (compound)
    jātu (adverb)
    jātu (nominative single)
    jātu (vocative single)
    jātu (accusative single)
  • cit -
  • cit (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    cit (nominative single)
    cit (vocative single)
    cit (noun, masculine); (4 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    cit (nominative single)
    cit (vocative single)
    cit (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    cit (nominative single)
    cit (vocative single)
    cit (accusative single)
  • Line2: “svakṛtatvavaśādeva sarvavitsa hi śaṅkaraḥ”
  • svakṛta -
  • svakṛta (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    svakṛta (vocative single)
    svakṛta (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    svakṛta (vocative single)
  • tva -
  • tu (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    tva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    tva (vocative single)
  • avaśād -
  • avaśa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    avaśāt (adverb)
    avaśāt (ablative single)
    avaśa (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    avaśāt (adverb)
    avaśāt (ablative single)
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    eva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
    eva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
  • sarvavit -
  • sarvavid (noun, masculine); (4 der.)
    sarvavit (compound)
    sarvavit (adverb)
    sarvavit (nominative single)
    sarvavit (vocative single)
    sarvavid (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    sarvavit (compound)
    sarvavit (adverb)
    sarvavit (nominative single)
    sarvavit (vocative single)
    sarvavit (accusative single)
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    sa (vocative single)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    sa (nominative single)
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
  • śaṅkaraḥ -
  • śaṅkara (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    śaṅkaraḥ (nominative single)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Tantraloka Verse 35.20

Cover of edition (2000)

Sri Tantraloka (Set of 8 Volumes)
by Paramahansa Mishra (2000)

[श्री तन्त्रालोकः (संस्कृत एवं हिंदी अनुवाद)] Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Published by Sampurnanand Sanskrit University; With two commentaries: Viveka (विवेक) by Ācārya Śrī Jayaratha and Nīrakṣīraviveka (नीरक्षीरविवेक) by Paramhans Mishra.

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Cover of edition (2002)

Tantraloka of Abhinavagupta (with Jnanavati Hindi commentary)
by Radheshyam Chaturvedi (2002)

[आचार्य अभिनवगुप्त द्वारा रचित तंत्रलोक: संस्कृत एवम् हिन्दी अनुवाद (पाँच खंडों में)] Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation and Commentary; Published by Chaukhambha Vidya Bhawan.

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Cover of edition (2018)

Sri Tantraloka of Abhinavagupta
by Giriratna Misra (2018)

With Viveka Saṃskṛta Commentary by Rājānaka Jayaratha; Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Sarveshwari English commentary; With Glossary and Central Idea of Each Śloka; Published by Chaukhamba Surbharati Prakashan

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