Siddhanta Sangraha of Sri Sailacharya

by E. Sowmya Narayanan | 2008 | 30,562 words

Siddhanta Sangraha Chapter 34 (English translation), entitled “the definition of lakshana” as included in the critical edition and study. The Siddhanta Samgraha is a Sanskrit philosophical text dealing with Vishishtadvaita in five hundred Sanskrit verses. It was written by Shri Shailacarya (18th century) and closely follows the philosophy of Vedanta Deshika (13th century).

Chapter 34 - The Definition of Lakṣaṇā

362. When there is contradiction in the primary sense the secondary sense is taken based on the possible relationship (śakya sambandha). In the sentence ‘gaṅgāyām ghoṣaḥ’, though there is a contradiction in the sense of the term ‘ghosa’ [ghosaḥ] in the stream of Ganges, the possible relationship of the word ‘gaṅgāyām’ is taken as ‘gaṅgā tīram’ (banks of the Ganges).

363. In the same way, lakṣaṇa is gained by similar relationship (sādṛśya) in the sentences ‘siṃho'yaṃ caitra’, ‘agnirmāṇavakaḥ’ etc. According to some, if the word is in the sense of similarity it is accepted as the indirect citation (gauṇa vṛtti) and not as lakṣaṇa. But this is not accepted as a different function by us and it is an instance of lakṣaṇa only.

364. The function, namely, nirūḍha lakṣaṇa which is the relationship between the word and the meaning is not different from lakṣaṇa. The function, namely, lakṣita lakṣaṇa also included in lakṣaṇā.


Rasasastra category This concludes The Definition of Lakshana according to Vishishtadvaita philosophy explained by Shri Shailacarya. This book follows the model of Vedanta Deshika although the Vishishta Advaita school was originally expounded by Shri Ramanuja. Vishishta-Advaita is one of the various sub-schools of Vedanta which itself represents one of the six orthodox schools of Hindu Philosophy. They highlight the importance of the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita and the Brahma Sutras.

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