Shrimad Bhagavad-gita

by Narayana Gosvami | 2013 | 327,105 words

The Bhagavad-gita Verse 2.72, English translation, including the Vaishnava commentaries Sarartha-varsini-tika, Prakashika-vritti and Rasika-ranjana (excerpts). This is verse 72 from the chapter 2 called “Sankhya-yoga (Yoga through distinguishing the Soul from the Body)”

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration, Word-for-word and English translation of verse 2.72:

एषा ब्राह्मी स्थितिः पार्थ नैनां प्राप्य विमुह्यति ।
स्थित्वास्याम् अन्त-कालेऽपि ब्रह्म-निर्वाणम् ऋच्छति ॥ ७२ ॥

eṣā brāhmī sthitiḥ pārtha naināṃ prāpya vimuhyati |
sthitvāsyām anta-kāle'pi brahma-nirvāṇam ṛcchati || 72 ||

eṣā–this; brāhmī–of one who has attained the spiritual; sthitiḥ–situation; pārtha–O Pārtha (Arjuna); na–not; enām–this state; prāpya–attaining; vimuhyati–is bewildered; sthitvā–being situated; asyām–in this (state); anta-kāle–at the time of death; api–even; brahma-nirvāṇam–spiritual emancipation; ṛcchati–one attains.

O Pārtha, attaining brahma in this way is called brāhmī sthitiḥ, becoming spiritually situated. After attaining this state, one is no longer deluded. If, at the time of death, one is situated in this consciousness even for a moment, he attains liberation.

Commentary: Sārārtha-Varṣiṇī Ṭīkā

(By Śrīla Viśvanātha Cakravartī Ṭhākura; the innermost intention of the commentary named ‘the shower of essential meanings’)

Śrī Bhagavān is now concluding this chapter with the verse beginning with eṣā. If spiritual emancipation (brahma-nirvāṇa) is achieved at the time of death by attaining the state of brahma for even a moment, then what can be said of the result for one who achieved this state in childhood?

Jñāna and karma are specifically explained in this chapter, and bhakti is explained indirectly. Therefore, this chapter is called the summary of Śrī Bhagavad-gītā.

Thus ends the bhāvānuvāda of Śrīla Viśvanātha Cakravartī Ṭhākura’s
Sārārtha-varṣiṇī-ṭīkā (the commentary that gives pleasure
to the devotees and is accepted by all saintly persons)
on the Second Chapter of Śrīmad Bhagavad-gītā.

Commentary: Sārārtha-Varṣiṇī Prakāśikā-vṛtti

(By Śrīla Bhaktivedānta Nārāyaṇa Gosvāmī Mahārāja; the explanation that illuminates the commentary named Sārārtha-varṣiṇī)

Śrīla Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura states: “This chapter is the summary of Bhagavad-gītā. Verses 1–10 introduce the nature of the person who is asking questions. Verses 12–30 give a description of spirit (ātmā) and non-spirit (anātmā). Verses 31–38 explain piety and sin within the Vedic system of prescribed duties, known as varṇāśrama-dharma. Verse 39 till the end of the chapter describe selfless action wherein the fruits are offered to the Supreme Lord, or niṣkāma-karma-yoga, by which knowledge of the self is attained. This is the goal of the aforementioned jñāna and karma. There is also a description of the behaviour of a person who is situated in this yoga.”

Thus ends the Sārārtha-varṣiṇī Prakāśikā-vṛtti
by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyaṇa Gosvāmī Mahārāja,
on the Second Chapter of Śrīmad Bhagavad-gītā.

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