Sahitya-kaumudi by Baladeva Vidyabhushana

by Gaurapada Dāsa | 2015 | 234,703 words

Baladeva Vidyabhusana’s Sahitya-kaumudi covers all aspects of poetical theory except the topic of dramaturgy. All the definitions of poetical concepts are taken from Mammata’s Kavya-prakasha, the most authoritative work on Sanskrit poetical rhetoric. Baladeva Vidyabhushana added the eleventh chapter, where he expounds additional ornaments from Visv...

Text 11.8 [Cyuta-dattākṣara]

Cyuta-dattākṣara

च्योतयित्वाक्षरं किञ्चिद् दत्त्वा चान्यत् प्रकाश्यते ।
अन्यो’र्थो यत्र तत् प्राहुश् च्युत-दत्ताक्षरं बुधाः ॥ ११.३ ॥

cyotayitvākṣaraṃ kiñcid dattvā cānyat prakāśyate |
anyo’rtho yatra tat prāhuś cyuta-dattākṣaraṃ budhāḥ ||11.3||

When another sense becomes manifest by changing a letter, the learned call that cyuta-dattākṣara (eliding a letter and adding a letter).

Commentary:

Viśvanātha Kavirāja points out that the term cyuta-dattākṣara denotes three ornaments: cyutākṣara (eliding a letter), dattākṣara (adding a letter), and cyuta-dattākṣara (eliding a letter and adding a letter).[1] This threefold subdivision originates from Agni Purāṇa (Commentary 11.4). The word akṣara means either letter, syllable, or phoneme, depending on the context.

Footnotes and references:

[1]:

cyutākṣarā dattākṣarā cyuta-dattākṣarā ca (Sāhitya-darpaṇa 10.14).

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