Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.159.5

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒स॒प॒त्ना स॑पत्न॒घ्नी जय॑न्त्यभि॒भूव॑री । आवृ॑क्षम॒न्यासां॒ वर्चो॒ राधो॒ अस्थे॑यसामिव ॥
असपत्ना सपत्नघ्नी जयन्त्यभिभूवरी । आवृक्षमन्यासां वर्चो राधो अस्थेयसामिव ॥
asapatnā sapatnaghnī jayanty abhibhūvarī | āvṛkṣam anyāsāṃ varco rādho astheyasām iva ||

English translation:

“Free from rivals, the destructress of rivals, victorious, triumphant, I cut up the brilliance and wealth ofthe other (wives of Indra) as if it were the wealth of (enemies) who do not endure long.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): śacī paulomī;
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): śacī paulomī ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdanuṣṭup;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒स॒प॒त्ना । स॒प॒त्न॒ऽघ्नी । जय॑न्ती । अ॒भि॒ऽभूव॑री । आ । अ॒वृ॒क्ष॒म् । अ॒न्यासा॑म् । वर्चः॑ । राधः॑ । अस्थे॑यसाम्ऽइव ॥
असपत्ना । सपत्नघ्नी । जयन्ती । अभिभूवरी । आ । अवृक्षम् । अन्यासाम् । वर्चः । राधः । अस्थेयसाम्इव ॥
asapatnā | sapatna-ghnī | jayantī | abhi-bhūvarī | ā | avṛkṣam | anyāsām | vacarḥ | rādhaḥ | astheyasām-iva

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.159.5 English analysis of grammar]

asapatnā < asapatna

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine


sapatnaghnī < sapatna

[noun], masculine

“rival; enemy; foe.”

sapatnaghnī < ghnī < ghna

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“curative; removing; killing; destroying; māraka; multiplied.”

jayanty < jayantī < ji

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“overcome; cure; win; conquer; control; win; succeed; remove; beat; govern; surpass; suppress.”

abhibhūvarī < abhibhūvan

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

āvṛkṣam < āvṛj < √vṛj

[verb], singular, sa aorist (Ind.)

“appropriate; accord.”

anyāsāṃ < anyāsām < anya

[noun], genitive, plural, feminine

“other; another(a); remaining; different; anya [word]; other than; more(a); fresh; any(a).”

varco < varcaḥ < varcas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“shininess; vigor; fecal matter; glare; magnificence; energy; prestige; energy; glory; luster; light; varcas [word]; glory; body waste; droppings; color.”

rādho < rādhaḥ < rādhas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“gift; munificence; liberality; bounty.”

astheyasām < astheyas

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine




“like; as it were; somehow; just so.”

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