Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.159.4

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

येनेन्द्रो॑ ह॒विषा॑ कृ॒त्व्यभ॑वद्द्यु॒म्न्यु॑त्त॒मः । इ॒दं तद॑क्रि देवा असप॒त्ना किला॑भुवम् ॥
येनेन्द्रो हविषा कृत्व्यभवद्द्युम्न्युत्तमः । इदं तदक्रि देवा असपत्ना किलाभुवम् ॥
yenendro haviṣā kṛtvy abhavad dyumny uttamaḥ | idaṃ tad akri devā asapatnā kilābhuvam ||

English translation:

“That oblation, O gods, has been offered by which Indra offering it has become renowned and mostpowerful; I freed myself from my rival wives.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): śacī paulomī;
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): śacī paulomī ;
Chandas (meter): pādanicṛdanuṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

येन॑ । इन्द्रः॑ । ह॒विषा॑ । कृ॒त्वी । अभ॑वत् । द्यु॒म्नी । उ॒त्ऽत॒मः । इ॒दन्म् । तत् । अ॒क्रि॒ । दे॒वाः॒ । अ॒स॒प॒त्ना । किल॑ । अ॒भु॒व॒म् ॥
येन । इन्द्रः । हविषा । कृत्वी । अभवत् । द्युम्नी । उत्तमः । इदन्म् । तत् । अक्रि । देवाः । असपत्ना । किल । अभुवम् ॥
yena | indraḥ | haviṣā | kṛtvī | abhavat | dyumnī | ut-tamaḥ | idanm | tat | akri | devāḥ | asapatnā | kila | abhuvam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.159.4 English analysis of grammar]

yenendro < yena < yad

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

yenendro < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

haviṣā < havis

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“Havya; offering; ghee; havis [word].”

kṛtvy < kṛtvī < kṛ

[verb noun]

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

abhavad < abhavat < bhū

[verb], singular, Imperfect

“become; be; originate; transform; happen; result; exist; be born; be; be; come to life; grow; elapse; come to mind; thrive; become; impend; show; conceive; understand; stand; constitute; serve; apply; behave.”

dyumny < dyumnī < dyumnin

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“powerful; imperial.”

uttamaḥ < uttama

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“best; excellent; highest; better; extreme; last; first; topmost; chief(a); higher; highest; maximal; uttama [word]; prevailing; finest.”

idaṃ < idam

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

tad < tat < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

akri < kṛ

[verb], singular, Root aorist (Ind.)

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

devā < devāḥ < deva

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

asapatnā < asapatna

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“unrivaled.”

kilābhuvam < kila

[adverb]

“assuredly; indeed; kila [indecl.].”

kilābhuvam < abhuvam < bhū

[verb], singular, Thematic aorist (Ind.)

“become; be; originate; transform; happen; result; exist; be born; be; be; come to life; grow; elapse; come to mind; thrive; become; impend; show; conceive; understand; stand; constitute; serve; apply; behave.”

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