Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 10.151.4

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

श्र॒द्धां दे॒वा यज॑माना वा॒युगो॑पा॒ उपा॑सते । श्र॒द्धां हृ॑द॒य्य१॒॑याकू॑त्या श्र॒द्धया॑ विन्दते॒ वसु॑ ॥
श्रद्धां देवा यजमाना वायुगोपा उपासते । श्रद्धां हृदय्ययाकूत्या श्रद्धया विन्दते वसु ॥
śraddhāṃ devā yajamānā vāyugopā upāsate | śraddhāṃ hṛdayyayākūtyā śraddhayā vindate vasu ||

English translation:

“Gods, worshippers, and those who are protected by Vāyu, solicit Śraddhā, (they cherish) Śraddhāwith heartfelt desire, through Śraddhā a man acquires wealth.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Yajus. 8.44; Nirukta 7.2

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): śraddhā kāmāyanī;
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): śraddhā;
Chandas (meter): anuṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

श्र॒द्धाम् । दे॒वाः । यज॑मानाः । वा॒युऽगो॑पाः । उप॑ । आ॒स॒ते॒ । श्र॒द्धाम् । हृ॒द॒य्य॑या । आऽकू॑त्या । श्र॒द्धया॑ । वि॒न्द॒ते॒ । वसु॑ ॥
श्रद्धाम् । देवाः । यजमानाः । वायुगोपाः । उप । आसते । श्रद्धाम् । हृदय्यया । आकूत्या । श्रद्धया । विन्दते । वसु ॥
śraddhām | devāḥ | yajamānāḥ | vāyu-gopāḥ | upa | āsate | śraddhām | hṛdayyayā | ākūtyā | śraddhayā | vindate | vasu

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.151.4 English analysis of grammar]

śraddhāṃ < śraddhām < śraddhā

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“faith; wish; śraddhā [word]; śraddhā; confidence; appetite.”

devā < devāḥ < deva

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

yajamānā < yajamānāḥ < yaj

[verb noun], nominative, plural

“sacrifice; worship; worship.”

vāyugopā < vāyu

[noun], masculine

“wind; Vayu; vāta; prāṇa (coll.); air; air; fart; breath; northwest; draft; vāyu [word]; Vāyu; Marut.”

vāyugopā < gopāḥ < gopā

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“herder; defender.”

upāsate < upās < √ās

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“worship; attend; serve; get; approach; obtain; perform; expect.”

śraddhāṃ < śraddhām < śraddhā

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“faith; wish; śraddhā [word]; śraddhā; confidence; appetite.”

hṛdayyayākūtyā < hṛdayyayā < hṛdayya

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“coronary; heart-whole.”

hṛdayyayākūtyā < ākūtyā < ākūti

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“purpose; Ākūti.”

śraddhayā < śraddhā

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“faith; wish; śraddhā [word]; śraddhā; confidence; appetite.”

vindate < vid

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“find; detect; marry; get; think.”

vasu

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“wealth; property; gold; vasu [word]; ruby; treasure; jewel.”

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