Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.128.9

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ये न॑: स॒पत्ना॒ अप॒ ते भ॑वन्त्विन्द्रा॒ग्निभ्या॒मव॑ बाधामहे॒ तान् । वस॑वो रु॒द्रा आ॑दि॒त्या उ॑परि॒स्पृशं॑ मो॒ग्रं चेत्ता॑रमधिरा॒जम॑क्रन् ॥
ये नः सपत्ना अप ते भवन्त्विन्द्राग्निभ्यामव बाधामहे तान् । वसवो रुद्रा आदित्या उपरिस्पृशं मोग्रं चेत्तारमधिराजमक्रन् ॥
ye naḥ sapatnā apa te bhavantv indrāgnibhyām ava bādhāmahe tān | vasavo rudrā ādityā uparispṛśam mograṃ cettāram adhirājam akran ||

English translation:

“May those who are our foes be driven off; may we through Indra and Agni destroy them; may theVasus, the Rudras, and the Ādityas make me the high- reaching, fierce, intelligent, supreme ruler.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vihavyaḥ [vihavya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): pādanicṛjjgatī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ये । नः॒ । स॒ऽपत्नाः॑ । अप॑ । ते । भ॒व॒न्तु॒ । इ॒न्द्रा॒ग्निऽभ्या॑म् । अव॑ । बा॒धा॒म॒हे॒ । तान् । वस॑वः । रु॒द्राः । आ॒दि॒त्याः । उ॒प॒रि॒ऽस्पृश॑म् । मा॒ । उ॒ग्रम् । चेत्ता॑रम् । अ॒धि॒ऽरा॒जम् । अ॒क्र॒न् ॥
ये । नः । सपत्नाः । अप । ते । भवन्तु । इन्द्राग्निभ्याम् । अव । बाधामहे । तान् । वसवः । रुद्राः । आदित्याः । उपरिस्पृशम् । मा । उग्रम् । चेत्तारम् । अधिराजम् । अक्रन् ॥
ye | naḥ | sa-patnāḥ | apa | te | bhavantu | indrāgni-bhyām | ava | bādhāmahe | tān | vasavaḥ | rudrāḥ | ādityāḥ | upari-spṛśam | mā | ugram | cettāram | adhi-rājam | akran

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.128.9 English analysis of grammar]

ye < yad

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

naḥ < mad

[noun], genitive, plural

“I; mine.”

sapatnā < sapatnāḥ < sapatna

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“rival; enemy; foe.”




te < tad

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

bhavantv < bhavantu < bhū

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“become; be; originate; transform; happen; result; exist; be born; be; be; come to life; grow; elapse; come to mind; thrive; become; impend; show; conceive; understand; stand; constitute; serve; apply; behave.”

indrāgnibhyām < indra

[noun], masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

indrāgnibhyām < agnibhyām < agni

[noun], instrumental, dual, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”




bādhāmahe < bādh

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“afflict; annoy; chase away; tease; grieve; irritate.”

tān < tad

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

vasavo < vasavaḥ < vasu

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“Vasu; Vasu; eight; vas; audbhida; Deva; sun; pāṃśuja; Agni.”

rudrā < rudrāḥ < rudra

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“Shiva; Rudra; eleven; rudra [word]; eleventh.”

ādityā < ādityāḥ < āditya

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“sun; Aditya; Surya; āditya [word].”

uparispṛśam < uparispṛś

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

mograṃ < < mad

[noun], accusative, singular

“I; mine.”

mograṃ < ugram < ugra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“powerful; awful; dangerous; intense; mighty; potent; colicky; atrocious.”

cettāram < cettṛ

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

adhirājam < adhirāj

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

akran < kṛ

[verb], plural, Root aorist (Ind.)

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

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