Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.126.8

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यथा॑ ह॒ त्यद्व॑सवो गौ॒र्यं॑ चित्प॒दि षि॒ताममु॑ञ्चता यजत्राः । ए॒वो ष्व१॒॑स्मन्मु॑ञ्चता॒ व्यंह॒: प्र ता॑र्यग्ने प्रत॒रं न॒ आयु॑: ॥
यथा ह त्यद्वसवो गौर्यं चित्पदि षिताममुञ्चता यजत्राः । एवो ष्वस्मन्मुञ्चता व्यंहः प्र तार्यग्ने प्रतरं न आयुः ॥
yathā ha tyad vasavo gauryaṃ cit padi ṣitām amuñcatā yajatrāḥ | evo ṣv asman muñcatā vy aṃhaḥ pra tāry agne prataraṃ na āyuḥ ||

English translation:

“As you, adorable Vasus, set free the cow fastened by her foot, even so remove sin away from us, andprolong, Agni, our protracted life.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kulmalabarhiṣaḥ śailūṣiḥ, aṃhobhugvā vāmadevyaḥ [kulmalabarhiṣa śailūṣi, aṃhobhugvā vāmadevya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): ārcīsvarāṭtriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यथा॑ । ह॒ । त्यत् । व॒स॒वः॒ । गौ॒र्य॑म् । चि॒त् । प॒दि । सि॒ताम् । अमु॑ञ्चत । य॒ज॒त्राः॒ । ए॒वो इति॑ । सु । अ॒स्मत् । मु॒ञ्च॒त॒ । वि । अंहः॑ । प्र । ता॒रि॒ । अ॒ग्ने॒ । प्र॒ऽत॒रम् । नः॒ । आयुः॑ ॥
यथा । ह । त्यत् । वसवः । गौर्यम् । चित् । पदि । सिताम् । अमुञ्चत । यजत्राः । एवो इति । सु । अस्मत् । मुञ्चत । वि । अंहः । प्र । तारि । अग्ने । प्रतरम् । नः । आयुः ॥
yathā | ha | tyat | vasavaḥ | gauryam | cit | padi | sitām | amuñcata | yajatrāḥ | evo iti | su | asmat | muñcata | vi | aṃhaḥ | pra | tāri | agne | pra-taram | naḥ | āyuḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.126.8 English analysis of grammar]

yathā

[adverb]

“equally; as; so that; like; how; yathā [word]; that; wherein.”

ha

[adverb]

“indeed; ha [word].”

tyad < tya

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“that.”

vasavo < vasavaḥ < vasu

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“Vasu; Vasu; eight; vas; audbhida; Deva; sun; pāṃśuja; Agni.”

gauryaṃ < gauryam < gaurī

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“Parvati; gorocanā; turmeric; gaurī; gaurīpāṣāṇa; abhra; Gaurī.”

cit

[adverb]

“even; indeed.”

padi < pad

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“foot; pad [word].”

ṣitām < sitām <

[verb noun], accusative, singular

“tie.”

amuñcatā < amuñcata < muc

[verb], singular, Imperfect

“liberate; emit; get rid of; shoot; release; put; tousle; secrete; fill into; shoot; spill; lose; ejaculate; exclude; free; remove; loosen; let go of; add; shed; want; save; defecate; heal; fart; open; abandon; discard; precipitate; reject; lay; unleash; exhale; discharge.”

yajatrāḥ < yajatra

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“adorable.”

evo < eva

[adverb]

“indeed; merely; thus; even; surely; same; eva [word]; successively; immediately; in truth.”

evo < u

[adverb]

“ukāra; besides; now; indeed; u.”

ṣv < su

[adverb]

“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

asman < asmat < mad

[noun], ablative, plural

“I; mine.”

muñcatā < muñcata < muc

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“liberate; emit; get rid of; shoot; release; put; tousle; secrete; fill into; shoot; spill; lose; ejaculate; exclude; free; remove; loosen; let go of; add; shed; want; save; defecate; heal; fart; open; abandon; discard; precipitate; reject; lay; unleash; exhale; discharge.”

vy < vi

[adverb]

“apart; away; away.”

aṃhaḥ < aṃhas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“trouble; sin.”

pra

[adverb]

“towards; ahead.”

tāry < tāri < tṛ

[verb], singular, Aorist passive

“traverse; overcome; float; rescue; reach; satisfy.”

agne < agni

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

prataraṃ < prataram < pratara

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“pratara.”

na < naḥ < mad

[noun], genitive, plural

“I; mine.”

āyuḥ < āyus

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“life; longevity; āyus; life; āyus [word]; Āyus.”

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