Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 10.126.5

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ॒दि॒त्यासो॒ अति॒ स्रिधो॒ वरु॑णो मि॒त्रो अ॑र्य॒मा । उ॒ग्रं म॒रुद्भी॑ रु॒द्रं हु॑वे॒मेन्द्र॑म॒ग्निं स्व॒स्तयेऽति॒ द्विष॑: ॥
आदित्यासो अति स्रिधो वरुणो मित्रो अर्यमा । उग्रं मरुद्भी रुद्रं हुवेमेन्द्रमग्निं स्वस्तयेऽति द्विषः ॥
ādityāso ati sridho varuṇo mitro aryamā | ugram marudbhī rudraṃ huvemendram agniṃ svastaye 'ti dviṣaḥ ||

English translation:

“May the Ādityas, Varuṇa, Mitra, Aryaman, (lead us) beyond (the reach of) the malignant; let usinvoke the fierce Rudra with the Maruts, and Indra and Agni for our welfare, (that they may plural ce us) beyond (thereach of) our enemies.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kulmalabarhiṣaḥ śailūṣiḥ, aṃhobhugvā vāmadevyaḥ [kulmalabarhiṣa śailūṣi, aṃhobhugvā vāmadevya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdbṛhatī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ॒दि॒त्यासः॑ । अति॑ । स्रिधः॑ । वरु॑णः । मि॒त्रः । अ॒र्य॒मा । उ॒ग्रम् । म॒रुत्ऽभिः॑ । रु॒द्रम् । हु॒वे॒म॒ । इन्द्र॑म् । अ॒ग्निम् । स्व॒स्तये॑ । अति॑ । द्विषः॑ ॥
आदित्यासः । अति । स्रिधः । वरुणः । मित्रः । अर्यमा । उग्रम् । मरुत्भिः । रुद्रम् । हुवेम । इन्द्रम् । अग्निम् । स्वस्तये । अति । द्विषः ॥
ādityāsaḥ | ati | sridhaḥ | varuṇaḥ | mitraḥ | aryamā | ugram | marut-bhiḥ | rudram | huvema | indram | agnim | svastaye | ati | dviṣaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.126.5 English analysis of grammar]

ādityāso < ādityāsaḥ < āditya

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“sun; Aditya; Surya; āditya [word].”



“very; excessively; beyond; excessively.”

sridho < sridhaḥ < sridh

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“failure; damage.”

varuṇo < varuṇaḥ < varuṇa

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Varuna; varuṇa [word]; Crataeva religiosa Forst.; Varuṇa; varuṇādi.”

mitro < mitraḥ < mitra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“friend; Mitra; mitra [word]; sun; ally.”

aryamā < aryaman

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Aryaman; aryaman [word]; sun.”

ugram < ugra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“powerful; awful; dangerous; intense; mighty; potent; colicky; atrocious.”

marudbhī < marudbhiḥ < marut

[noun], instrumental, plural

“Marut; vāta; wind; Vayu.”

rudraṃ < rudram < rudra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Shiva; Rudra; eleven; rudra [word]; eleventh.”

huvemendram < huvema < hu

[verb], plural, Aorist optative

“sacrifice; offer; pour; worship.”

huvemendram < indram < indra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

agniṃ < agnim < agni

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

svastaye < svasti

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

“prosperity; well-being; fortune; benediction; svasti [word]; well; luck.”

'ti < ati


“very; excessively; beyond; excessively.”

dviṣaḥ < dviṣ

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“hate; dviṣ; hostility; hostility.”

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