Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.123.6

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

नाके॑ सुप॒र्णमुप॒ यत्पत॑न्तं हृ॒दा वेन॑न्तो अ॒भ्यच॑क्षत त्वा । हिर॑ण्यपक्षं॒ वरु॑णस्य दू॒तं य॒मस्य॒ योनौ॑ शकु॒नं भु॑र॒ण्युम् ॥
नाके सुपर्णमुप यत्पतन्तं हृदा वेनन्तो अभ्यचक्षत त्वा । हिरण्यपक्षं वरुणस्य दूतं यमस्य योनौ शकुनं भुरण्युम् ॥
nāke suparṇam upa yat patantaṃ hṛdā venanto abhy acakṣata tvā | hiraṇyapakṣaṃ varuṇasya dūtaṃ yamasya yonau śakunam bhuraṇyum ||

English translation:

“Those desiring you in their hearts contemplated you travelling as a strong-winged bird in the sky, thegolden-winged messenger of Varuṇa, the bird which nourishes (the world) in Yama's dwelling.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): venaḥ [vena];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): venaḥ;
Chandas (meter): triṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

नाके॑ । सु॒ऽप॒र्णम् । उप॑ । यत् । पत॑न्तम् । हृ॒दा । वेन॑न्तः । अ॒भि । अच॑क्षत । त्वा॒ । हिर॑ण्यऽपक्ष॑म् । वरु॑णस्य । दू॒तम् । य॒मस्य॑ । योनौ॑ । श॒कु॒नम् । भु॒र॒ण्युम् ॥
नाके । सुपर्णम् । उप । यत् । पतन्तम् । हृदा । वेनन्तः । अभि । अचक्षत । त्वा । हिरण्यपक्षम् । वरुणस्य । दूतम् । यमस्य । योनौ । शकुनम् । भुरण्युम् ॥
nāke | su-parṇam | upa | yat | patantam | hṛdā | venantaḥ | abhi | acakṣata | tvā | hiraṇya-pakṣam | varuṇasya | dūtam | yamasya | yonau | śakunam | bhuraṇyum

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.123.6 English analysis of grammar]

nāke < nāka

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“sky; celestial sphere; Svarga; nāka [word].”

suparṇam < suparṇa

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Garuda; Suparṇa; bird of prey; Suparṇa; suparṇa; Suparṇa; eagle.”



“towards; on; next.”



“once [when]; because; that; if; how.”

patantaṃ < patantam < pat

[verb noun], accusative, singular

“fall down; drop; fly; issue; fall; fall; decay; hang down; banish; throw; lodge; disappear.”

hṛdā < hṛd

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“heart; heart; mind; breast; hṛd [word].”

venanto < venantaḥ < ven

[verb noun], nominative, plural


abhy < abhī < abhi


“towards; on.”

acakṣata < cakṣ

[verb], plural, Imperfect

“watch; look.”

tvā < tvad

[noun], accusative, singular


hiraṇyapakṣaṃ < hiraṇya

[noun], neuter

“gold; jewelry; hiraṇya [word]; gold.”

hiraṇyapakṣaṃ < pakṣam < pakṣa

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Pakṣa; wing; side; pakṣa; assumption; opinion; side; option; pakṣa [word]; side; position; case; feather; faction; parent; one-half; two; contradiction; flank; set.”

varuṇasya < varuṇa

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“Varuna; varuṇa [word]; Crataeva religiosa Forst.; Varuṇa; varuṇādi.”

dūtaṃ < dūtam < dūta

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“messenger; emissary; dūta [word].”

yamasya < yama

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“Yama; yama; twin; yam; Yama; two; bridle; yama [word]; Asvins.”

yonau < yoni

[noun], locative, singular, feminine

“vagina; vulva; uterus; beginning; origin; reincarnation; birthplace; family; production; cause; race; grain; raw material; birth; kind; caste; kinship; bed.”

śakunam < śakuna

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“bird; large bird.”

bhuraṇyum < bhuraṇyu

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

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