Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.123.5

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒प्स॒रा जा॒रमु॑पसिष्मिया॒णा योषा॑ बिभर्ति पर॒मे व्यो॑मन् । चर॑त्प्रि॒यस्य॒ योनि॑षु प्रि॒यः सन्त्सीद॑त्प॒क्षे हि॑र॒ण्यये॒ स वे॒नः ॥
अप्सरा जारमुपसिष्मियाणा योषा बिभर्ति परमे व्योमन् । चरत्प्रियस्य योनिषु प्रियः सन्त्सीदत्पक्षे हिरण्यये स वेनः ॥
apsarā jāram upasiṣmiyāṇā yoṣā bibharti parame vyoman | carat priyasya yoniṣu priyaḥ san sīdat pakṣe hiraṇyaye sa venaḥ ||

English translation:

“The Apsaras, smiling affectionately like a wife at her lover, cherishes him in the highest heaven; shewanders in the abodes of her beloved; he, Vena, being loved, sits, down on his golden wing.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): venaḥ [vena];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): venaḥ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛttriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒प्स॒राः । जा॒रम् । उ॒प॒ऽसि॒ष्मि॒या॒णा । योषा॑ । बि॒भ॒र्ति॒ । प॒र॒मे । विऽओ॑मन् । चर॑त् । प्रि॒यस्य॑ । योनि॑षु । प्रि॒यः । सन् । सीद॑त् । प॒क्षे । हि॒र॒ण्यये॑ । सः । वे॒नः ॥
अप्सराः । जारम् । उपसिष्मियाणा । योषा । बिभर्ति । परमे । विओमन् । चरत् । प्रियस्य । योनिषु । प्रियः । सन् । सीदत् । पक्षे । हिरण्यये । सः । वेनः ॥
apsarāḥ | jāram | upa-siṣmiyāṇā | yoṣā | bibharti | parame | vi-oman | carat | pri yasya | yoniṣu | priyaḥ | san | sīdat | pakṣe | hiraṇyaye | saḥ | venaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.123.5 English analysis of grammar]

apsarā < apsarāḥ < apsaras

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine


jāram < jāra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“fancy man.”

upasiṣmiyāṇā < upasmi < √smi

[verb noun], nominative, singular


[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“woman; puppet; daughter.”

bibharti < bhṛ

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“bring; hold; fill; support; wear; possess; carry; nourish; keep; hire; have; satiate; follow; bear.”

parame < parama

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“extreme; best; excellent; highest; highest; devoted(p); maximal; distant; parama [word]; very; farthermost.”


[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“abhra; sky; ākāśa; Svarga; Vyoman.”

carat < car

[verb], singular, Present injunctive

“car; wander; perform; travel; bore; produce; make; dwell; dig; act; observe; enter (a state); observe; cause; crop; behave; practice; heed; process; administer.”

priyasya < priya

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“beloved; pleasant; dear; fond(p); wanted; priya [word]; favorite; good; liked; suitable; proper.”

yoniṣu < yoni

[noun], locative, plural, feminine

“vagina; vulva; uterus; beginning; origin; reincarnation; birthplace; family; production; cause; race; grain; raw material; birth; kind; caste; kinship; bed.”

priyaḥ < priya

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“beloved; pleasant; dear; fond(p); wanted; priya [word]; favorite; good; liked; suitable; proper.”

san < as

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

sīdat < sad

[verb], singular, Present injunctive

“sit down; break down; slow; sink; crumble; fracture; perish; ride; stop; besiege; tire.”

pakṣe < pakṣa

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“Pakṣa; wing; side; pakṣa; assumption; opinion; side; option; pakṣa [word]; side; position; case; feather; faction; parent; one-half; two; contradiction; flank; set.”

hiraṇyaye < hiraṇyaya

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“gold; aureate; hiraṇyaya [word].”

sa < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

venaḥ < vena

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


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