Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.119.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

प्र वाता॑ इव॒ दोध॑त॒ उन्मा॑ पी॒ता अ॑यंसत । कु॒वित्सोम॒स्यापा॒मिति॑ ॥
प्र वाता इव दोधत उन्मा पीता अयंसत । कुवित्सोमस्यापामिति ॥
pra vātā iva dodhata un mā pītā ayaṃsata | kuvit somasyāpām iti ||

English translation:

“Like the winds violently shaking (the trees), the draughts (of Soma) have lifted me up, for I have oftendrunk of the Soma.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): labaḥ aindraḥ [laba aindra];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): ātmastutiḥ ;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

प्र । वाताः॑ऽइव । दोध॑तः । उत् । मा॒ । पी॒ताः । अ॒यं॒स॒त॒ । कु॒वित् । सोम॑स्य । अपा॑म् । इति॑ ॥
प्र । वाताःइव । दोधतः । उत् । मा । पीताः । अयंसत । कुवित् । सोमस्य । अपाम् । इति ॥
pra | vātāḥ-iva | dodhataḥ | ut | mā | pītāḥ | ayaṃsata | kuvit | somasya | apām | iti

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.119.2 English analysis of grammar]

pra

[adverb]

“towards; ahead.”

vātā < vātāḥ < vāta

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“vāta; wind; fart; Vayu; air; draft; vāta [word]; Vāta; rheumatism; Marut.”

iva

[adverb]

“like; as it were; somehow; just so.”

dodhata < _ < √_

[?]

“_”

un < ud

[adverb]

“up.”

< mad

[noun], accusative, singular

“I; mine.”

pītā < pītāḥ <

[verb noun], nominative, plural

“drink; gulp; soak; drink; suck; inhale.”

ayaṃsata < yam

[verb], plural, Athematic s aor. (Ind.)

“concentrate; grant; restrain; cause; control; offer; cover; raise.”

kuvit < kuvid

[adverb]

“surely; indeed.”

somasyāpām < somasya < soma

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”

somasyāpām < apām <

[verb], singular, Root aorist (Ind.)

“drink; gulp; soak; drink; suck; inhale.”

iti

[adverb]

“thus; so; iti [word].”

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: