Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.89.10

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इन्द्रो॑ दि॒व इन्द्र॑ ईशे पृथि॒व्या इन्द्रो॑ अ॒पामिन्द्र॒ इत्पर्व॑तानाम् । इन्द्रो॑ वृ॒धामिन्द्र॒ इन्मेधि॑राणा॒मिन्द्र॒: क्षेमे॒ योगे॒ हव्य॒ इन्द्र॑: ॥
इन्द्रो दिव इन्द्र ईशे पृथिव्या इन्द्रो अपामिन्द्र इत्पर्वतानाम् । इन्द्रो वृधामिन्द्र इन्मेधिराणामिन्द्रः क्षेमे योगे हव्य इन्द्रः ॥
indro diva indra īśe pṛthivyā indro apām indra it parvatānām | indro vṛdhām indra in medhirāṇām indraḥ kṣeme yoge havya indraḥ ||

English translation:

Indra rules over heaven, Indra rules over earth, over the waters, and over the clouds; Indra rules overthe great and over the wise; Indra is to be invoked for the acquisition and preservation (of wealth).”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): reṇuḥ;
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛttriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इन्द्रः॑ । दि॒वः । इन्द्रः॑ । ई॒शे॒ । पृ॒थि॒व्याः । इन्द्रः॑ । अ॒पाम् । इन्द्रः॑ । इत् । पर्व॑तानाम् । इन्द्रः॑ । वृ॒धाम् । इन्द्रः॑ । इत् । मेधि॑राणाम् । इन्द्रः॑ । क्षेमे॑ । योगे॑ । हव्यः॑ । इन्द्रः॑ ॥
इन्द्रः । दिवः । इन्द्रः । ईशे । पृथिव्याः । इन्द्रः । अपाम् । इन्द्रः । इत् । पर्वतानाम् । इन्द्रः । वृधाम् । इन्द्रः । इत् । मेधिराणाम् । इन्द्रः । क्षेमे । योगे । हव्यः । इन्द्रः ॥
indraḥ | divaḥ | indraḥ | īśe | pṛthivyāḥ | indraḥ | apām | indraḥ | it | parvatānām | indraḥ | vṛdhām | indraḥ | it | medhirāṇām | indraḥ | kṣeme | yoge | havyaḥ | indraḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.89.10 English analysis of grammar]

indro < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

diva < divaḥ < div

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“sky; Svarga; day; div [word]; heaven and earth; day; dawn.”

indra < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

īśe < īś

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“govern; command; master; dominate; can; reign; control; own.”

pṛthivyā < pṛthivyāḥ < pṛthivī

[noun], genitive, singular, feminine

“Earth; pṛthivī; floor; Earth; earth; pṛthivī [word]; land.”

indro < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

apām < ap

[noun], genitive, plural, neuter

“water; body of water; water; ap [word]; juice; jala.”

indra < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

it < id

[adverb]

“indeed; assuredly; entirely.”

parvatānām < parvata

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“mountain; Parvata; parvata [word]; Parvata; Parvata; rock; height.”

indro < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

vṛdhām < vṛdh

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“increasing.”

indra < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

in < id

[adverb]

“indeed; assuredly; entirely.”

medhirāṇām < medhira

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“wise; intelligent.”

indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

kṣeme < kṣema

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“ease; happiness; peace; tranquillity; kṣema [word]; respite; rest.”

yoge < yoga

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“method; application; yoga; remedy; mix; treatment; mixture; procedure; contact; use; yogin; connection; application; union; magic trick; formulation; fraud; relation; sense; connection; war; therapy; enterprise; addition; undertaking; performance; marriage; yoke; yoga [word]; art; combination; assortment; confluence; constellation; relationship; connection; agent; means.”

havya < havyaḥ < hu

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“sacrifice; offer; pour; worship.”

indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

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