Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.89.3

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स॒मा॒नम॑स्मा॒ अन॑पावृदर्च क्ष्म॒या दि॒वो अस॑मं॒ ब्रह्म॒ नव्य॑म् । वि यः पृ॒ष्ठेव॒ जनि॑मान्य॒र्य इन्द्र॑श्चि॒काय॒ न सखा॑यमी॒षे ॥
समानमस्मा अनपावृदर्च क्ष्मया दिवो असमं ब्रह्म नव्यम् । वि यः पृष्ठेव जनिमान्यर्य इन्द्रश्चिकाय न सखायमीषे ॥
samānam asmā anapāvṛd arca kṣmayā divo asamam brahma navyam | vi yaḥ pṛṣṭheva janimāny arya indraś cikāya na sakhāyam īṣe ||

English translation:

“Sing along with me a new song, unceasing, surpassing heaven and earth, to him who like the pṛṣṭha(praises), born at sacrifices, overcomes his enemies, Indra who desires no friend.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): reṇuḥ;
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛttriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स॒मा॒नम् । अ॒स्मै॒ । अन॑पऽवृत् । अ॒र्च॒ । क्ष्म॒या । दि॒वः । अस॑मम् । ब्रह्म॑ । नव्य॑म् । वि । यः । पृ॒ष्ठाऽइ॑व । जनि॑मानि । अ॒र्यः । इन्द्रः॑ । चि॒काय॑ । न । सखा॑यम् । ई॒षे ॥
समानम् । अस्मै । अनपवृत् । अर्च । क्ष्मया । दिवः । असमम् । ब्रह्म । नव्यम् । वि । यः । पृष्ठाइव । जनिमानि । अर्यः । इन्द्रः । चिकाय । न । सखायम् । ईषे ॥
samānam | asmai | anapa-vṛt | arca | kṣmayā | divaḥ | asamam | brahma | navyam | vi | yaḥ | pṛṣṭhāiva | janimāni | aryaḥ | indraḥ | cikāya | na | sakhāyam | īṣe

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.89.3 English analysis of grammar]

samānam < samāna

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“like; identical; common; like; alike(p); same; samāna [word]; akin(p); comparable; identical; mutual; equal.”

asmā < asmai < idam

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

anapāvṛd < anapāvṛt

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

arca < arcā < arc

[verb], singular, Present conjunctive (subjunctive)

“sing; worship; honor; praise; welcome.”

kṣmayā < kṣmā

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“Earth; Earth; land.”

divo < divaḥ < div

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“sky; Svarga; day; div [word]; heaven and earth; day; dawn.”

asamam < asama

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“incomparable; unlike.”

brahma < brahman

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“brahman; mantra; prayer; spell; Veda; Brahmin; sacred text; final emancipation; hymn; brahman [word]; Brāhmaṇa; study.”

navyam < navya

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“new; fresh.”



“apart; away; away.”

yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

pṛṣṭheva < pṛṣṭhā < pṛṣṭha

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“back; top; top; surface; shell; peak; Pṛṣṭha; flat roof; pṛṣṭha [word]; back; roof.”

pṛṣṭheva < iva


“like; as it were; somehow; just so.”

janimāny < janimāni < janiman

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“birth; offspring; origin; kind; being.”

arya < aryaḥ < arya

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

indraś < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

cikāya < ci

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“cover; accumulate; pile up; pick; cover.”



“not; like; no; na [word].”

sakhāyam < sakhi

[noun], accusative, singular

“friend; companion; sakhi [word].”

īṣe < iṣ

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“desire; recommend; approve; seek; call; search; try; prefer; love; commend; assent; permit; choose.”

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