Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 10.63.9

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

भरे॒ष्विन्द्रं॑ सु॒हवं॑ हवामहेंऽहो॒मुचं॑ सु॒कृतं॒ दैव्यं॒ जन॑म् । अ॒ग्निं मि॒त्रं वरु॑णं सा॒तये॒ भगं॒ द्यावा॑पृथि॒वी म॒रुत॑: स्व॒स्तये॑ ॥
भरेष्विन्द्रं सुहवं हवामहेंऽहोमुचं सुकृतं दैव्यं जनम् । अग्निं मित्रं वरुणं सातये भगं द्यावापृथिवी मरुतः स्वस्तये ॥
bhareṣv indraṃ suhavaṃ havāmahe 'ṃhomucaṃ sukṛtaṃ daivyaṃ janam | agnim mitraṃ varuṇaṃ sātaye bhagaṃ dyāvāpṛthivī marutaḥ svastaye ||

English translation:

“We call in battles upon the well-invoked Indra, the liberator from sin, and upon the virtuous folk ofheaven, Agni, Mitra, Varuṇa, Bhaga, Heaven and Earth, the Maruts, for the acquisition (of food), for well-being.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gayaḥ plātaḥ [gaya plāta];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): svarāḍārcījagatī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

भरे॑षु । इन्द्र॑म् । सु॒ऽहव॑म् । ह॒वा॒म॒हे॒ । अं॒हः॒ऽमुच॑म् । सु॒ऽकृत॑म् । दैव्य॑म् । जन॑म् । अ॒ग्निम् । मि॒त्रम् । वरु॑णम् । सा॒तये॑ । भग॑म् । द्यावा॑पृथि॒वी इति॑ । म॒रुतः॑ । स्व॒स्तये॑ ॥
भरेषु । इन्द्रम् । सुहवम् । हवामहे । अंहःमुचम् । सुकृतम् । दैव्यम् । जनम् । अग्निम् । मित्रम् । वरुणम् । सातये । भगम् । द्यावापृथिवी इति । मरुतः । स्वस्तये ॥
bhareṣu | indram | su-havam | havāmahe | aṃhaḥ-mucam | su-kṛtam | daivyam | janam | agnim | mitram | varuṇam | sātaye | bhagam | dyāvāpṛthivī iti | marutaḥ | svastaye

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.63.9 English analysis of grammar]

bhareṣv < bhareṣu < bhara

[noun], locative, plural, masculine

“battle; weight; foray; bhṛ; load.”

indraṃ < indram < indra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

suhavaṃ < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

suhavaṃ < havam < hava

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine


havāmahe < hvā

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“raise; call on; call; summon.”

'ṃhomucaṃ < aṃhaḥ < aṃhas

[noun], neuter

“trouble; sin.”

'ṃhomucaṃ < mucam < muc

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine


sukṛtaṃ < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

sukṛtaṃ < kṛtam < kṛt

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“causing; making; performing; promotive; producing; doing; acting; writing; transforming; effecting.”

daivyaṃ < daivyam < daivya

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“divine; divine; celestial.”

janam < jana

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“people; national; man; relative; jan; Janaloka; person; jana [word]; man; attendant; Jana; foreigner; inhabitant; group.”

agnim < agni

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

mitraṃ < mitram < mitra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“friend; Mitra; mitra [word]; sun; ally.”

varuṇaṃ < varuṇam < varuṇa

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Varuna; varuṇa [word]; Crataeva religiosa Forst.; Varuṇa; varuṇādi.”

sātaye < sāti

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

“victory; acquisition; contest.”

bhagaṃ < bhagam < bhaga

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Bhaga; vulva; good fortune; vagina; bhaga [word]; sun; well-being; happiness; overlord.”


[noun], accusative, dual, feminine

“heaven and earth; dyāvāpṛthivī [word].”

marutaḥ < marut

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“Marut; vāta; wind; Vayu.”

svastaye < svasti

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

“prosperity; well-being; fortune; benediction; svasti [word]; well; luck.”

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