Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.48.3

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

मह्यं॒ त्वष्टा॒ वज्र॑मतक्षदाय॒सं मयि॑ दे॒वासो॑ऽवृज॒न्नपि॒ क्रतु॑म् । ममानी॑कं॒ सूर्य॑स्येव दु॒ष्टरं॒ मामार्य॑न्ति कृ॒तेन॒ कर्त्वे॑न च ॥
मह्यं त्वष्टा वज्रमतक्षदायसं मयि देवासोऽवृजन्नपि क्रतुम् । ममानीकं सूर्यस्येव दुष्टरं मामार्यन्ति कृतेन कर्त्वेन च ॥
mahyaṃ tvaṣṭā vajram atakṣad āyasam mayi devāso 'vṛjann api kratum | mamānīkaṃ sūryasyeva duṣṭaram mām āryanti kṛtena kartvena ca ||

English translation:

“For me Tvaṣṭā fabricated the metal thunderbolt; in me the gods have concentrated pious acts; mylustre is insurmountable, like that of the Sun; men acknowledge me as lord in consequence of what I have done,and of what I shall do.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

My lustre is the Sun: my army is hard to overcome, like the sun's lustre;

Anīka = liṭ,face

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): indro vaikuṇṭhaḥ [indra vaikuṇṭha];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indro vaikuṇṭhaḥ;
Chandas (meter): pādanicṛjjgatī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

मह्य॑म् । त्वष्टा॑ । वज्र॑म् । अ॒त॒क्ष॒त् । आ॒य॒सम् । मयि॑ । दे॒वासः॑ । अ॒वृ॒ज॒न् । अपि॑ । क्रतु॑म् । मम॑ । अनी॑कम् । सूर्य॑स्यऽइव । दु॒स्तर॑म् । माम् । आर्य॑न्ति । कृ॒तेन॑ । कर्त्वे॑न । च॒ ॥
मह्यम् । त्वष्टा । वज्रम् । अतक्षत् । आयसम् । मयि । देवासः । अवृजन् । अपि । क्रतुम् । मम । अनीकम् । सूर्यस्यइव । दुस्तरम् । माम् । आर्यन्ति । कृतेन । कर्त्वेन । च ॥
mahyam | tvaṣṭā | vajram | atakṣat | āyasam | mayi | devāsaḥ | avṛjan | api | kratum | mama | anīkam | sūryasya-iva | dustaram | mām | āryanti | kṛtena | kartvena | ca

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.48.3 English analysis of grammar]

mahyaṃ < mahyam < mad

[noun], dative, singular

“I; mine.”

tvaṣṭā < tvaṣṭṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Tvaṣṭṛ; Viśvakarman; sun.”

vajram < vajra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“vajra; Vajra; vajra; vajra; lightning; abhra; vajramūṣā; diamond; vajra [word]; vajrakapāṭa; vajra; vaikrānta.”

atakṣad < atakṣat < takṣ

[verb], singular, Imperfect

“produce; shape; fashion; chisel; invent.”

āyasam < āyasa

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“iron; metallic.”

mayi < mad

[noun], locative, singular

“I; mine.”

devāso < devāsaḥ < deva

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

'vṛjann < avṛjan < vṛj

[verb], plural, Root aorist (Ind.)

api

[adverb]

“besides; even; surely; though; furthermore; among; contrastingly; assuredly.”

kratum < kratu

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“yajña; decision; plan; deliberation; intelligence; Kratu; will; kratu [word]; desire; resoluteness; ritual.”

mamānīkaṃ < mama < mad

[noun], genitive, singular

“I; mine.”

mamānīkaṃ < anīkam < anīka

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“army; face; battalion; battlefront; point; appearance.”

sūryasyeva < sūryasya < sūrya

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“sun; Surya; sūrya [word]; right nostril; twelve; Calotropis gigantea Beng.; sūryakānta; sunlight; best.”

sūryasyeva < iva

[adverb]

“like; as it were; somehow; just so.”

duṣṭaram < duṣṭara

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“incomparable; irresistible; unbearable; unconquerable.”

mām < mad

[noun], accusative, singular

“I; mine.”

āryanti < ār

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“praise.”

kṛtena < kṛ

[verb noun], instrumental, singular

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

kartvena < kṛ

[verb noun], instrumental, singular

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

ca

[adverb]

“and; besides; then; now; even.”

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