Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 10.48.1

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒हं भु॑वं॒ वसु॑नः पू॒र्व्यस्पति॑र॒हं धना॑नि॒ सं ज॑यामि॒ शश्व॑तः । मां ह॑वन्ते पि॒तरं॒ न ज॒न्तवो॒ऽहं दा॒शुषे॒ वि भ॑जामि॒ भोज॑नम् ॥
अहं भुवं वसुनः पूर्व्यस्पतिरहं धनानि सं जयामि शश्वतः । मां हवन्ते पितरं न जन्तवोऽहं दाशुषे वि भजामि भोजनम् ॥
aham bhuvaṃ vasunaḥ pūrvyas patir ahaṃ dhanāni saṃ jayāmi śaśvataḥ | māṃ havante pitaraṃ na jantavo 'haṃ dāśuṣe vi bhajāmi bhojanam ||

English translation:

“I am the principal lord of wealth; I conquer the treasure of many (adversaries); living beings call uponme as (sons call upon) a father; I bestow food on the donor of oblations.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): indro vaikuṇṭhaḥ [indra vaikuṇṭha];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indro vaikuṇṭhaḥ;
Chandas (meter): pādanicṛjjgatī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒हम् । भु॒व॒म् । वसु॑नः । पू॒र्व्यः । पतिः॑ । अ॒हम् । धना॑नि । सम् । ज॒जा॒मि॒ । शश्व॑तः । माम् । ह॒व॒न्ते॒ । पि॒तर॑म् । न । ज॒न्तवः॑ । अ॒हम् । दा॒शुषे॑ । वि । भ॒जा॒मि॒ । भोज॑नम् ॥
अहम् । भुवम् । वसुनः । पूर्व्यः । पतिः । अहम् । धनानि । सम् । जजामि । शश्वतः । माम् । हवन्ते । पितरम् । न । जन्तवः । अहम् । दाशुषे । वि । भजामि । भोजनम् ॥
aham | bhuvam | vasunaḥ | pūrvyaḥ | patiḥ | aham | dhanāni | sam | jajāmi | śaśvataḥ | mām | havante | pitaram | na | jantavaḥ | aham | dāśuṣe | vi | bhajāmi | bhojanam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.48.1 English analysis of grammar]

aham < mad

[noun], nominative, singular

“I; mine.”

bhuvaṃ < bhuvam < bhū

[verb], singular, Aorist inj. (proh.)

“become; be; originate; transform; happen; result; exist; be born; be; be; come to life; grow; elapse; come to mind; thrive; become; impend; show; conceive; understand; stand; constitute; serve; apply; behave.”

vasunaḥ < vasu

[noun], genitive, singular, neuter

“wealth; property; gold; vasu [word]; ruby; treasure; jewel.”

pūrvyas < pūrvyaḥ < pūrvya

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“first; precedent; age-old; excellent; former(a).”

patir < patiḥ < pati

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“husband; overlord; king; deity; īśvara; ruler; pati [word]; commanding officer; leader; owner; mayor; lord.”

ahaṃ < aham < mad

[noun], nominative, singular

“I; mine.”

dhanāni < dhana

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“wealth; property; money; treasure; prize; dhana [word]; valuable; dhan; capital; fight.”

saṃ < sam


“sam; together; together; saṃ.”

jayāmi < ji

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“overcome; cure; win; conquer; control; win; succeed; remove; beat; govern; surpass; suppress.”

śaśvataḥ < śaśvat

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“śaśvat [word].”

māṃ < mām < mad

[noun], accusative, singular

“I; mine.”

havante < hvā

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“raise; call on; call; summon.”

pitaraṃ < pitaram < pitṛ

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“father; Pitṛ; ancestor; parent; paternal ancestor; pitṛ [word]; forefather.”



“not; like; no; na [word].”

jantavo < jantavaḥ < jantu

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“man; worm; being; child; Jantu; offspring; insect; vermin; animal.”

'haṃ < aham < mad

[noun], nominative, singular

“I; mine.”

dāśuṣe < dāś

[verb noun], dative, singular

“sacrifice; give.”



“apart; away; away.”

bhajāmi < bhaj

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“eat; enjoy; enter (a state); worship; love; flee; possess; fall to one's share; partake; share; get; approach; love; use.”

bhojanam < bhojana

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“food; eating; foodstuff; meal; property; sevana; enjoyment.”

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