Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.36.14

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स॒वि॒ता प॒श्चाता॑त्सवि॒ता पु॒रस्ता॑त्सवि॒तोत्त॒रात्ता॑त्सवि॒ताध॒रात्ता॑त् । स॒वि॒ता न॑: सुवतु स॒र्वता॑तिं सवि॒ता नो॑ रासतां दी॒र्घमायु॑: ॥
सविता पश्चातात्सविता पुरस्तात्सवितोत्तरात्तात्सविताधरात्तात् । सविता नः सुवतु सर्वतातिं सविता नो रासतां दीर्घमायुः ॥
savitā paścātāt savitā purastāt savitottarāttāt savitādharāttāt | savitā naḥ suvatu sarvatātiṃ savitā no rāsatāṃ dīrgham āyuḥ ||

English translation:

“May Savitā on the west, Savitā on the east, Savitā on the north, Savitā on the south, may Savitāsend us all desired wealth, may Savitā bestow upon us long life.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): luśo dhānākaḥ [luśa dhānāka];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): svarāṭtriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स॒वि॒ता । प॒श्चाता॑त् । स॒वि॒ता । पु॒रस्ता॑त् । स॒वि॒ता । उ॒त्त॒रात्ता॑त् । स॒वि॒ता । अ॒ध॒रात्ता॑त् । स॒वि॒ता । नः॒ । सु॒व॒तु॒ । स॒र्वऽता॑तिम् । स॒वि॒ता । नः॒ । रा॒स॒ता॒म् । दी॒र्घम् । आयुः॑ ॥
सविता । पश्चातात् । सविता । पुरस्तात् । सविता । उत्तरात्तात् । सविता । अधरात्तात् । सविता । नः । सुवतु । सर्वतातिम् । सविता । नः । रासताम् । दीर्घम् । आयुः ॥
savitā | paścātāt | savitā | purastāt | savitā | uttarāttāt | savitā | adharāttāt | sav itā | naḥ | suvatu | sarva-tātim | savitā | naḥ | rāsatām | dīrgham | āyuḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.36.14 English analysis of grammar]

savitā < savitṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Savitar; sun; Surya; Savitṛ.”

paścātāt

[adverb]

savitā < savitṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Savitar; sun; Surya; Savitṛ.”

purastāt

[adverb]

“ahead; eastward; earlier; above; above.”

savitottarāttāt < savitā < savitṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Savitar; sun; Surya; Savitṛ.”

savitottarāttāt < uttarāttāt

[adverb]

savitādharāttāt < savitā < savitṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Savitar; sun; Surya; Savitṛ.”

savitādharāttāt < adharāttāt

[adverb]

savitā < savitṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Savitar; sun; Surya; Savitṛ.”

naḥ < mad

[noun], dative, plural

“I; mine.”

suvatu <

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“give birth; urge; bestow; cause.”

sarvatātiṃ < sarvatātim < sarvatāti

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“completeness; prosperity; sum.”

savitā < savitṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Savitar; sun; Surya; Savitṛ.”

no < naḥ < mad

[noun], dative, plural

“I; mine.”

rāsatāṃ < rāsatām <

[verb], singular, Aorist imperative

“give; impart.”

dīrgham < dīrgha

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“long; long; long; large; far; deep; dīrgha [word].”

āyuḥ < āyus

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“life; longevity; āyus; life; āyus [word]; Āyus.”

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