Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 9.109.6

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

दि॒वो ध॒र्तासि॑ शु॒क्रः पी॒यूष॑: स॒त्ये विध॑र्मन्वा॒जी प॑वस्व ॥
दिवो धर्तासि शुक्रः पीयूषः सत्ये विधर्मन्वाजी पवस्व ॥
divo dhartāsi śukraḥ pīyūṣaḥ satye vidharman vājī pavasva ||

English translation:

“You are the upholder of heaven, radiant and good to drink; flow you who are strong, at the truthful sacrifice.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): agnayo dhiṣṇyā aiśvarāḥ [agnaya dhiṣṇyā aiśvarāḥ];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): pavamānaḥ somaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): svarāḍārcīgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

दि॒वः । ध॒र्ता । अ॒सि॒ । शु॒क्रः । पी॒यूषः॑ । स॒त्ये । विऽध॑र्मन् । वा॒जी । प॒व॒स्व॒ ॥
दिवः । धर्ता । असि । शुक्रः । पीयूषः । सत्ये । विधर्मन् । वाजी । पवस्व ॥
divaḥ | dhartā | asi | śukraḥ | pīyūṣaḥ | satye | vi-dharman | vājī | pavasva

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 9.109.6 English analysis of grammar]

divo < divaḥ < div

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“sky; Svarga; day; div [word]; heaven and earth; day; dawn.”

dhartāsi < dhartā < dhartṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


dhartāsi < asi < as

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

śukraḥ < śukra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“bright; clear; white; light; pure.”

pīyūṣaḥ < pīyūṣa

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“amṛta; pīyūṣa; ambrosia.”

satye < satya

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“true; real; real; faithful; good.”


[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“receptacle; enclosure.”

vājī < vājin

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“victorious; triumphant; strong; gainful.”

pavasva <

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“purify; filter; blow; purify; purge; sift.”

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