Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 9.105.1

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

तं व॑: सखायो॒ मदा॑य पुना॒नम॒भि गा॑यत । शिशुं॒ न य॒ज्ञैः स्व॑दयन्त गू॒र्तिभि॑: ॥
तं वः सखायो मदाय पुनानमभि गायत । शिशुं न यज्ञैः स्वदयन्त गूर्तिभिः ॥
taṃ vaḥ sakhāyo madāya punānam abhi gāyata | śiśuṃ na yajñaiḥ svadayanta gūrtibhiḥ ||

English translation:

“Hymn, friends, the Soma purified for the exhilaration (of the gods), gratify him with oblations and praises as (men gratify) a child (with ornaments).”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): parvatanāradau;
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): pavamānaḥ somaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): uṣṇik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

तम् । वः॒ । स॒खा॒यः॒ । मदा॑य । पु॒ना॒नम् । अ॒भि । गा॒य॒त॒ । शिशु॑म् । न । य॒ज्ञैः । स्व॒द॒य॒न्त॒ । गू॒र्तिऽभिः॑ ॥
तम् । वः । सखायः । मदाय । पुनानम् । अभि । गायत । शिशुम् । न । यज्ञैः । स्वदयन्त । गूर्तिभिः ॥
tam | vaḥ | sakhāyaḥ | madāya | punānam | abhi | gāyata | śiśum | na | yajñaiḥ | svadayanta | gūrti-bhiḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 9.105.1 English analysis of grammar]

taṃ < tam < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

vaḥ < tvad

[noun], dative, plural


sakhāyo < sakhāyaḥ < sakhi

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“friend; companion; sakhi [word].”

madāya < mada

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“drunkenness; mada; estrus; excitement; sexual arousal; alcohol; musth; mad; mada; ecstasy; pride; drink; joy; arrogance; vivification.”

punānam <

[verb noun], accusative, singular

“purify; filter; blow; purify; purge; sift.”



“towards; on.”

gāyata <

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“sing; praise; jap; recite; describe.”

śiśuṃ < śiśum < śiśu

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“child; young; baby; śiśu [word]; Śiśu; male child; fetus.”



“not; like; no; na [word].”

yajñaiḥ < yajña

[noun], instrumental, plural, masculine

“yajña; religious ceremony; Vishnu; yajña [word]; Yajña; Shiva.”

svadayanta < svaday < √svad

[verb], plural, Present injunctive


gūrtibhiḥ < gūrti

[noun], instrumental, plural, feminine

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