Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 9.65.17

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ न॑ इन्दो शत॒ग्विनं॒ गवां॒ पोषं॒ स्वश्व्य॑म् । वहा॒ भग॑त्तिमू॒तये॑ ॥
आ न इन्दो शतग्विनं गवां पोषं स्वश्व्यम् । वहा भगत्तिमूतये ॥
ā na indo śatagvinaṃ gavām poṣaṃ svaśvyam | vahā bhagattim ūtaye ||

English translation:

“Bring to us, Indu, for our protection increase of kine with hundreds, of cattle and a gift of fortune with beautiful horses.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): bhṛgurvāruṇirjamadagnirvā;
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): pavamānaḥ somaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): kakummatīgāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ । नः॒ । इ॒न्दो॒ इति॑ । श॒त॒ऽग्विन॑म् । गवा॑म् । पोष॑म् । सु॒ऽअश्व्य॑म् । वह॑ । भग॑त्तिम् । ऊ॒तये॑ ॥
आ । नः । इन्दो इति । शतग्विनम् । गवाम् । पोषम् । सुअश्व्यम् । वह । भगत्तिम् । ऊतये ॥
ā | naḥ | indo iti | śata-gvinam | gavām | poṣam | su-aśvyam | vaha | bhagattim | ūtaye

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 9.65.17 English analysis of grammar]



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

na < naḥ < mad

[noun], accusative, plural

“I; mine.”

indo < indu

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“moon; Soma; drop; anusvāra; one; Candra; silver; camphor; point; juice.”

śatagvinaṃ < śatagvinam < śatagvin

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

gavām < go

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“cow; cattle; go [word]; Earth; bull; floor; milk; beam; sunbeam; leather; hide; horn; language; bowstring; earth; ox; Svarga.”

poṣaṃ < poṣam < poṣa

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“prosperity; poṣa [word].”

svaśvyam < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

svaśvyam < aśvyam < aśvya

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

vahā < vah

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“transport; bring; marry; run; drive; vāhay; drive; run; pull; nirvāpay; blow; transport; discharge; assume; remove.”

bhagattim < bhagatti

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

ūtaye < ūti

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

“aid; favor; ūti [word].”

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