Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 9.62.15

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

गि॒रा जा॒त इ॒ह स्तु॒त इन्दु॒रिन्द्रा॑य धीयते । विर्योना॑ वस॒तावि॑व ॥
गिरा जात इह स्तुत इन्दुरिन्द्राय धीयते । विर्योना वसताविव ॥
girā jāta iha stuta indur indrāya dhīyate | vir yonā vasatāv iva ||

English translation:

“genitive rated and praised by song, Indu at this sacrifice is deposited in his plural ce for Indra, like a bird on its nest.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): jamadagniḥ [jamadagni];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): pavamānaḥ somaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

गि॒रा । जा॒तः । इ॒ह । स्तु॒तः । इन्दुः॑ । इन्द्रा॑य । धी॒य॒ते॒ । विः । योना॑ । व॒स॒तौऽइ॑व ॥
गिरा । जातः । इह । स्तुतः । इन्दुः । इन्द्राय । धीयते । विः । योना । वसतौइव ॥
girā | jātaḥ | iha | stutaḥ | induḥ | indrāya | dhīyate | viḥ | yonā | vasatau-iva

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 9.62.15 English analysis of grammar]

girā < giri

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“mountain; adri; rock; giri [word]; hill; śilājatu.”

jāta < jātaḥ < jan

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“become; originate; be born; transform; happen; result; grow; beget; produce; create; conceive; separate; cause; give birth; grow; produce; generate; be; become; arise; come on.”

iha

[adverb]

“here; now; in this world; now; below; there; here; just.”

stuta < stutaḥ < stu

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“laud; praise; declare; stu.”

indur < induḥ < indu

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“moon; Soma; drop; anusvāra; one; Candra; silver; camphor; point; juice.”

indrāya < indra

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

dhīyate < dhā

[verb], singular, Indikativ Pr¦s. Passiv

“put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”

vir < viḥ < vi

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“vi; bird; vi.”

yonā < yoni

[noun], locative, singular, feminine

“vagina; vulva; uterus; beginning; origin; reincarnation; birthplace; family; production; cause; race; grain; raw material; birth; kind; caste; kinship; bed.”

vasatāv < vasatau < vasati

[noun], locative, singular, feminine

“residency; dwelling; nest; stay; vasati [word]; vas; mansion; sojourn.”

iva

[adverb]

“like; as it were; somehow; just so.”

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