Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 9.55.3

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

उ॒त नो॑ गो॒विद॑श्व॒वित्पव॑स्व सो॒मान्ध॑सा । म॒क्षूत॑मेभि॒रह॑भिः ॥
उत नो गोविदश्ववित्पवस्व सोमान्धसा । मक्षूतमेभिरहभिः ॥
uta no govid aśvavit pavasva somāndhasā | makṣūtamebhir ahabhiḥ ||

English translation:

“And Soma, do you who are the giver of cattle, the giver of horses, flow to us in (a stream of) food as the days quickly pass.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

'by reason (or by means) of the days quickly passing'


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): avatsāraḥ [avatsāra];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): pavamānaḥ somaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

उ॒त । नः॒ । गो॒ऽवित् । अ॒श्व॒ऽवित् । पव॑स्व । सो॒म॒ । अन्ध॑सा । म॒क्षुऽत॑मेभिः । अह॑ऽभिः ॥
उत । नः । गोवित् । अश्ववित् । पवस्व । सोम । अन्धसा । मक्षुतमेभिः । अहभिः ॥
uta | naḥ | go-vit | aśva-vit | pavasva | soma | andhasā | makṣu-tamebhiḥ | aha-bhiḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 9.55.3 English analysis of grammar]



“and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

no < naḥ < mad

[noun], dative, plural

“I; mine.”

govid < go

[noun], masculine

“cow; cattle; go [word]; Earth; bull; floor; milk; beam; sunbeam; leather; hide; horn; language; bowstring; earth; ox; Svarga.”

govid < vid

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


aśvavit < aśva

[noun], masculine

“horse; aśva [word]; Aśva; stallion.”

aśvavit < vid

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


pavasva <

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“purify; filter; blow; purify; purge; sift.”

somāndhasā < soma

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”

somāndhasā < andhasā < andhas

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“Soma; drink; amṛta.”

makṣūtamebhir < makṣūtamebhiḥ < makṣūtama

[noun], instrumental, plural, neuter


ahabhiḥ < aha

[noun], instrumental, plural, neuter

“day; aha [word]; day.”

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