Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 9.35.3

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त्वया॑ वी॒रेण॑ वीरवो॒ऽभि ष्या॑म पृतन्य॒तः । क्षरा॑ णो अ॒भि वार्य॑म् ॥
त्वया वीरेण वीरवोऽभि ष्याम पृतन्यतः । क्षरा णो अभि वार्यम् ॥
tvayā vīreṇa vīravo 'bhi ṣyāma pṛtanyataḥ | kṣarā ṇo abhi vāryam ||

English translation:

“With you, heroic (Soma), as our hero, may we overcome our enemies, pour upon the desirable (riches).”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): prabhuvasuḥ;
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): pavamānaḥ somaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): virāḍgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त्वया॑ । वी॒रेण॑ । वी॒र॒ऽवः॒ । अ॒भि । स्या॒म॒ । पृ॒त॒न्य॒तः । क्षर॑ । नः॒ । अ॒भि । वार्य॑म् ॥
त्वया । वीरेण । वीरवः । अभि । स्याम । पृतन्यतः । क्षर । नः । अभि । वार्यम् ॥
tvayā | vīreṇa | vīra-vaḥ | abhi | syāma | pṛtanyataḥ | kṣara | naḥ | abhi | vāryam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 9.35.3 English analysis of grammar]

tvayā < tvad

[noun], instrumental, singular


vīreṇa < vīra

[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine

“hero; man; Vīra; vīra; vīra [word]; Vīra.”

vīravo < vīravas < vīravat

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“rich in men.”

'bhi < abhi


“towards; on.”

ṣyāma < syāma < as

[verb], plural, Present optative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

pṛtanyataḥ < pṛtany

[verb noun], accusative, plural


kṣarā < kṣara < kṣar

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“run; melt.”

ṇo < naḥ < mad

[noun], accusative, plural

“I; mine.”



“towards; on.”

vāryam < vārya

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter


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