Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 9.7.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

प्र धारा॒ मध्वो॑ अग्रि॒यो म॒हीर॒पो वि गा॑हते । ह॒विर्ह॒विष्षु॒ वन्द्य॑: ॥
प्र धारा मध्वो अग्रियो महीरपो वि गाहते । हविर्हविष्षु वन्द्यः ॥
pra dhārā madhvo agriyo mahīr apo vi gāhate | havir haviṣṣu vandyaḥ ||

English translation:

“That which is to be praised as the oblation among oblations is immersed in the great (holy) waters, the stream of honey, the pre-eminent.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Immersed in the great holy waters: i.e. vasatīvari waters; the pre-eminent: pra dhārā agriyaḥ = dhārā mukhyaḥ prapatanti, the pre-eminent streams fall down

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): asitaḥ kāśyapo devalo vā [asita kāśyapa devala vā];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): pavamānaḥ somaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

प्र । धारा॑ । मध्वः॑ । अ॒ग्रि॒यः । म॒हीः । अ॒पः । वि । गा॒ह॒ते॒ । ह॒विः । ह॒विष्षु॑ । वन्द्यः॑ ॥
प्र । धारा । मध्वः । अग्रियः । महीः । अपः । वि । गाहते । हविः । हविष्षु । वन्द्यः ॥
pra | dhārā | madhvaḥ | agriyaḥ | mahīḥ | apaḥ | vi | gāhate | haviḥ | haviṣṣu | vandyaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 9.7.2 English analysis of grammar]

pra

[adverb]

“towards; ahead.”

dhārā

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“flush; flow; current; spring; fountain.”

madhvo < madhvaḥ < madhu

[noun], genitive, singular, neuter

“honey; alcohol; sweet; nectar; madhu [word].”

agriyo < agriyaḥ < agriya

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

mahīr < mahīḥ < mahi

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“great; firm.”

apo < apaḥ < ap

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“water; body of water; water; ap [word]; juice; jala.”

vi

[adverb]

“apart; away; away.”

gāhate < gāh

[verb], singular, Present indikative

havir < haviḥ < havis

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“Havya; offering; ghee; havis [word].”

haviṣṣu < haviḥṣu < havis

[noun], locative, plural, neuter

“Havya; offering; ghee; havis [word].”

vandyaḥ < vand

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“worship; laud.”

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