Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.103.3

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यस्मा॒द्रेज॑न्त कृ॒ष्टय॑श्च॒र्कृत्या॑नि कृण्व॒तः । स॒ह॒स्र॒सां मे॒धसा॑ताविव॒ त्मना॒ग्निं धी॒भिः स॑पर्यत ॥
यस्माद्रेजन्त कृष्टयश्चर्कृत्यानि कृण्वतः । सहस्रसां मेधसाताविव त्मनाग्निं धीभिः सपर्यत ॥
yasmād rejanta kṛṣṭayaś carkṛtyāni kṛṇvataḥ | sahasrasām medhasātāv iva tmanāgniṃ dhībhiḥ saparyata ||

English translation:

“Since men tremble before those who perform the sacred sacrifices, therefore, do you devoutly worshipin the solemn rite Agni the bestower of thousands of kine.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): sobhariḥ kāṇvaḥ [sobhari kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): virāḍbṛhatī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यस्मा॑त् । रेज॑न्त । कृ॒ष्टयः॑ । च॒र्कृत्या॑नि । कृ॒ण्व॒तः । स॒ह॒स्र॒ऽसाम् । मे॒धसा॑तौऽइव । त्मना॑ । अ॒ग्निम् । धी॒भिः । स॒प॒र्य॒त॒ ॥
यस्मात् । रेजन्त । कृष्टयः । चर्कृत्यानि । कृण्वतः । सहस्रसाम् । मेधसातौइव । त्मना । अग्निम् । धीभिः । सपर्यत ॥
yasmāt | rejanta | kṛṣṭayaḥ | carkṛtyāni | kṛṇvataḥ | sahasra-sām | medhasātau-iva | tmanā | agnim | dhībhiḥ | saparyata

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.103.3 English analysis of grammar]

yasmād < yasmāt < yad

[noun], ablative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

rejanta < rej

[verb], plural, Present injunctive

“tremor; flicker.”

kṛṣṭayaś < kṛṣṭayaḥ < kṛṣṭi

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“people; citizenry.”

carkṛtyāni < carkar < √kṛ

[verb noun], accusative, plural

“praise; commemorate.”

kṛṇvataḥ < kṛ

[verb noun], ablative, singular

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

sahasrasām < sahasra

[noun], neuter

“thousand; one-thousandth; sahasra [word].”

sahasrasām < sām <

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine


medhasātāv < medha

[noun], masculine

“yajña; juice.”

medhasātāv < sātau < sāti

[noun], locative, singular, feminine

“victory; acquisition; contest.”



“like; as it were; somehow; just so.”

tmanāgniṃ < tmanā < tman

[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine


tmanāgniṃ < agnim < agni

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

dhībhiḥ < dhī

[noun], instrumental, plural, feminine

“intelligence; prayer; mind; insight; idea; hymn; purpose; art; knowledge.”

saparyata < sapary

[verb], plural, Present imperative


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