Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 8.78.7

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

क्रत्व॒ इत्पू॒र्णमु॒दरं॑ तु॒रस्या॑स्ति विध॒तः । वृ॒त्र॒घ्नः सो॑म॒पाव्न॑: ॥
क्रत्व इत्पूर्णमुदरं तुरस्यास्ति विधतः । वृत्रघ्नः सोमपाव्नः ॥
kratva it pūrṇam udaraṃ turasyāsti vidhataḥ | vṛtraghnaḥ somapāvnaḥ ||

English translation:

“The belly of the Soma-drinker, the eager slayer of Vṛtra, is filled by the sacrificer's offering.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kurusutiḥ kāṇvaḥ [kurusuti kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): virāḍgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

क्रत्वः॑ । इत् । पू॒र्णम् । उ॒दर॑म् । तु॒रस्य॑ । अ॒स्ति॒ । वि॒ध॒तः । वृ॒त्र॒ऽघ्नः । सो॒म॒ऽपाव्नः॑ ॥
क्रत्वः । इत् । पूर्णम् । उदरम् । तुरस्य । अस्ति । विधतः । वृत्रघ्नः । सोमपाव्नः ॥
kratvaḥ | it | pūrṇam | udaram | turasya | asti | vidhataḥ | vṛtra-ghnaḥ | soma-pāvnaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.78.7 English analysis of grammar]

kratva < kratvaḥ < kratu

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“yajña; decision; plan; deliberation; intelligence; Kratu; will; kratu [word]; desire; resoluteness; ritual.”

it < id


“indeed; assuredly; entirely.”

pūrṇam < pṛ

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“fill; elapse; pull back; fill; satisfy; bestow; meet; stuff; load; mix; complete.”

udaraṃ < udaram < udara

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“udara; cavity; abdomen; inside; stomach; belly; udara [word]; garbha; abdominal disease; intestine; inside; uterus; vessel.”

turasyāsti < turasya < tura

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“powerful; noble; noble.”

turasyāsti < asti < as

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

vidhataḥ < vidh

[verb noun], genitive, singular

“worship; offer.”

vṛtraghnaḥ < vṛtra

[noun], masculine

“Vṛtra; vṛtra [word].”

vṛtraghnaḥ < ghnaḥ < han

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“killing; curative; destroying; removing; māraka; stabbing.”

somapāvnaḥ < soma

[noun], masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”

somapāvnaḥ < pāvnaḥ < pāvan

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine


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