Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.78.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ नो॑ भर॒ व्यञ्ज॑नं॒ गामश्व॑म॒भ्यञ्ज॑नम् । सचा॑ म॒ना हि॑र॒ण्यया॑ ॥
आ नो भर व्यञ्जनं गामश्वमभ्यञ्जनम् । सचा मना हिरण्यया ॥
ā no bhara vyañjanaṃ gām aśvam abhyañjanam | sacā manā hiraṇyayā ||

English translation:

“Bring us condiments, cows, horses, and oil, (bring us) with them precious golden (vessels).”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Preciousgolden vessels: manā = mananīyāni; a vessel or a weight, i.e., with a weight of gold

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kurusutiḥ kāṇvaḥ [kurusuti kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): virāḍgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ । नः॒ । भ॒र॒ । वि॒ऽअञ्ज॑नम् । गाम् । अश्व॑म् । अ॒भि॒ऽअञ्ज॑नम् । सचा॑ । म॒ना । हि॒र॒ण्यया॑ ॥
आ । नः । भर । विअञ्जनम् । गाम् । अश्वम् । अभिअञ्जनम् । सचा । मना । हिरण्यया ॥
ā | naḥ | bhara | vi-añjanam | gām | aśvam | abhi-añjanam | sacā | manā | hiraṇyayā

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.78.2 English analysis of grammar]

ā

[adverb]

“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

no < naḥ < mad

[noun], accusative, plural

“I; mine.”

bhara < bhṛ

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“bring; hold; fill; support; wear; possess; carry; nourish; keep; hire; have; satiate; follow; bear.”

vyañjanaṃ < vyañjanam < vyañjana

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“condiment; disguise; sign; quality; symptom; consonant; secondary sex characteristic; genitalia.”

gām < go

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“cow; cattle; go [word]; Earth; bull; floor; milk; beam; sunbeam; leather; hide; horn; language; bowstring; earth; ox; Svarga.”

aśvam < aśva

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“horse; aśva [word]; Aśva; stallion.”

abhyañjanam < abhyañjana

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“abhyaṅga; ointment.”

sacā

[adverb]

“jointly.”

manā

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“jewelry.”

hiraṇyayā < hiraṇya

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“aureate; gold.”

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