Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.76.8

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

तुभ्येदि॑न्द्र म॒रुत्व॑ते सु॒ताः सोमा॑सो अद्रिवः । हृ॒दा हू॑यन्त उ॒क्थिन॑: ॥
तुभ्येदिन्द्र मरुत्वते सुताः सोमासो अद्रिवः । हृदा हूयन्त उक्थिनः ॥
tubhyed indra marutvate sutāḥ somāso adrivaḥ | hṛdā hūyanta ukthinaḥ ||

English translation:

“Thunderer Indra, to you with the Maruts are these Soma-libations effused-- they are offered to you infaith, with recited hymns.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

In faith: manasā = bhaktyā

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kurusutiḥ kāṇvaḥ [kurusuti kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

तुभ्य॑ । इत् । इ॒न्द्र॒ । म॒रुत्व॑ते । सु॒ताः । सोमा॑सः । अ॒द्रि॒ऽवः॒ । हृ॒दा । हू॒य॒न्ते॒ । उ॒क्थिनः॑ ॥
तुभ्य । इत् । इन्द्र । मरुत्वते । सुताः । सोमासः । अद्रिवः । हृदा । हूयन्ते । उक्थिनः ॥
tubhya | it | indra | marutvate | sutāḥ | somāsaḥ | adri-vaḥ | hṛdā | hūyante | ukthinaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.76.8 English analysis of grammar]

tubhyed < tubhya < tvad

[noun], dative, singular

“you.”

tubhyed < id

[adverb]

“indeed; assuredly; entirely.”

indra

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

marutvate < marutvat

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“Marut(a).”

sutāḥ < su

[verb noun], nominative, plural

“press out; su.”

somāso < somāsaḥ < soma

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”

adrivaḥ < adrivas < adrivat

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“rocky; petrous.”

hṛdā < hṛd

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“heart; heart; mind; breast; hṛd [word].”

hūyanta < hūyante < hu

[verb], plural, Indikativ Pr¦s. Passiv

“sacrifice; offer; pour; worship.”

ukthinaḥ < ukthin

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“laudatory.”

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