Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.72.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

नि ति॒ग्मम॒भ्यं१॒॑शुं सीद॒द्धोता॑ म॒नावधि॑ । जु॒षा॒णो अ॑स्य स॒ख्यम् ॥
नि तिग्ममभ्यंशुं सीदद्धोता मनावधि । जुषाणो अस्य सख्यम् ॥
ni tigmam abhy aṃśuṃ sīdad dhotā manāv adhi | juṣāṇo asya sakhyam ||

English translation:

“The Hotā sits down by (Agni's) hot flame, rejoicing in his friendship towards the offerer.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Hot flame:aṃśu = Agni; or, the stalks of Soma


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): haryataḥ prāgāthaḥ [haryata prāgātha];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agnirharvīṣi vā ;
Chandas (meter): pādanicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

नि । ति॒ग्मम् । अ॒भि । अं॒शुम् । सीद॑त् । होता॑ । म॒नौ । अधि॑ । जु॒षा॒णः । अ॒स्य॒ । स॒ख्यम् ॥
नि । तिग्मम् । अभि । अंशुम् । सीदत् । होता । मनौ । अधि । जुषाणः । अस्य । सख्यम् ॥
ni | tigmam | abhi | aṃśum | sīdat | hotā | manau | adhi | juṣāṇaḥ | asya | sakhyam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.72.2 English analysis of grammar]



“back; down.”

tigmam < tigma

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“sharp; pointed; fiery.”

abhy < abhi


“towards; on.”

aṃśuṃ < aṃśum < aṃśu

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“sunbeam; beam; aṃśu [word]; thread.”

sīdaddhotā < sīdat < sad

[verb], singular, Present injunctive

“sit down; break down; slow; sink; crumble; fracture; perish; ride; stop; besiege; tire.”

sīdaddhotā < hotā < hotṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


manāv < manau < manu

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“Manu; mantra; Manusmṛti; fourteen; man; manu [word]; Vaivasvata; incantation; sacred text.”



“on; from; accordingly.”

juṣāṇo < juṣāṇaḥ < juṣ

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“enjoy; endow; possess; frequent; accompany; induce; consume; approve; affect; attend; befit; blend; contract.”

asya < idam

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

sakhyam < sakhya

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“friendship; aid; company.”

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