Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.42

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यस्य॑ ते वि॒श्वमा॑नुषो॒ भूरे॑र्द॒त्तस्य॒ वेद॑ति । वसु॑ स्पा॒र्हं तदा भ॑र ॥
यस्य ते विश्वमानुषो भूरेर्दत्तस्य वेदति । वसु स्पार्हं तदा भर ॥
yasya te viśvamānuṣo bhūrer dattasya vedati | vasu spārhaṃ tad ā bhara ||

English translation:

“Bestow on us, Indra, that desirable wealth which all men recognize as given abundantly by you.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यस्य॑ । ते॒ । वि॒श्वऽमा॑नुषः । भूरेः॑ । द॒त्तस्य॑ । वेद॑ति । वसु॑ । स्पा॒र्हम् । तत् । आ । भ॒र॒ ॥
यस्य । ते । विश्वमानुषः । भूरेः । दत्तस्य । वेदति । वसु । स्पार्हम् । तत् । आ । भर ॥
yasya | te | viśva-mānuṣaḥ | bhūreḥ | dattasya | vedati | vasu | spārham | tat | ā | bhara

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.42 English analysis of grammar]

yasya < yad

[noun], genitive, singular, neuter

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

te < tvad

[noun], genitive, singular


viśvamānuṣo < viśva


“all(a); whole; complete; each(a); viśva [word]; completely; wholly.”

viśvamānuṣo < mānuṣaḥ < mānuṣa

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


bhūrer < bhūreḥ < bhūri

[noun], genitive, singular, neuter

“much; many; much(a); abundant; rich; mighty; distinguished.”

dattasya <

[verb noun], genitive, singular

“give; add; perform; put; administer; fill into; give; ignite; put on; offer; use; fuel; pour; grant; feed; teach; construct; insert; drip; wrap; pay; hand over; lend; inflict; concentrate; sacrifice; splint; poultice; create.”

vedati < vid

[verb], singular, Present conjunctive (subjunctive)

“know; diagnose; perceive; know; accord; notice; deem; mind; learn; specify; watch; recognize; detect; call.”


[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“wealth; property; gold; vasu [word]; ruby; treasure; jewel.”

spārhaṃ < spārham < spārha

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter


tad < tat < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

bhara < bhṛ

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“bring; hold; fill; support; wear; possess; carry; nourish; keep; hire; have; satiate; follow; bear.”

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