Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.29

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ऋ॒भु॒क्षणं॒ न वर्त॑व उ॒क्थेषु॑ तुग्र्या॒वृध॑म् । इन्द्रं॒ सोमे॒ सचा॑ सु॒ते ॥
ऋभुक्षणं न वर्तव उक्थेषु तुग्र्यावृधम् । इन्द्रं सोमे सचा सुते ॥
ṛbhukṣaṇaṃ na vartava uktheṣu tugryāvṛdham | indraṃ some sacā sute ||

English translation:

“(I praise) in hymns the mighty Indra, the augmenter of waters, for the attainment of wealth, when theSoma is effused with (song).”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ऋ॒भु॒क्षण॑म् । न । वर्त॑वे । उ॒क्थेषु॑ । तु॒ग्र्य॒ऽवृध॑म् । इन्द्र॑म् । सोमे॑ । सचा॑ । सु॒ते ॥
ऋभुक्षणम् । न । वर्तवे । उक्थेषु । तुग्र्यवृधम् । इन्द्रम् । सोमे । सचा । सुते ॥
ṛbhukṣaṇam | na | vartave | uktheṣu | tugrya-vṛdham | indram | some | sacā | sute

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.29 English analysis of grammar]

ṛbhukṣaṇaṃ < ṛbhukṣaṇam < ṛbhukṣan

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine




“not; like; no; na [word].”

vartava < vartave < vṛ

[verb noun]

“surround; accompany; cover; cover; obstruct; check; spread; envelop.”

uktheṣu < uktha

[noun], locative, plural, neuter

“hymn; praise; uktha [word]; encomium.”

tugryāvṛdham < tugryāvṛdh

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

indraṃ < indram < indra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

some < soma

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”




sute < su

[verb noun], locative, singular

“press out; su.”

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