Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.28

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त॒रणिं॑ वो॒ जना॑नां त्र॒दं वाज॑स्य॒ गोम॑तः । स॒मा॒नमु॒ प्र शं॑सिषम् ॥
तरणिं वो जनानां त्रदं वाजस्य गोमतः । समानमु प्र शंसिषम् ॥
taraṇiṃ vo janānāṃ tradaṃ vājasya gomataḥ | samānam u pra śaṃsiṣam ||

English translation:

“I praise our common (Indra), the deliverer of your families, the slayer (of your enemies, the bestower) ofriches in cattle.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

त॒रणि॑म् । वः॒ । जना॑नाम् । त्र॒दम् । वाज॑स्य । गोऽम॑तः । स॒मा॒नम् । ऊँ॒ इति॑ । प्र । शं॒सि॒ष॒म् ॥
तरणिम् । वः । जनानाम् । त्रदम् । वाजस्य । गोमतः । समानम् । ऊँ इति । प्र । शंसिषम् ॥
taraṇim | vaḥ | janānām | tradam | vājasya | go--mataḥ | samānam | oṃ iti | pra | śaṃsiṣam

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.28 English analysis of grammar]

taraṇiṃ < taraṇim < taraṇi

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“energetic; agile.”

vo < vaḥ < tvad

[noun], dative, plural


janānāṃ < janānām < jana

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“people; national; man; relative; jan; Janaloka; person; jana [word]; man; attendant; Jana; foreigner; inhabitant; group.”

tradaṃ < tradam < trada

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

vājasya < vāja

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“prize; Vāja; reward; reward; Ribhus; vigor; strength; contest.”

gomataḥ < gomat

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“rich in cattle; bovine.”

samānam < samāna

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“like; identical; common; like; alike(p); same; samāna [word]; akin(p); comparable; identical; mutual; equal.”



“ukāra; besides; now; indeed; u.”



“towards; ahead.”

śaṃsiṣam < śaṃs

[verb], singular, Aorist inj. (proh.)

“recommend; tell; praise; approve; communicate; recite; commend; bode; name; agree.”

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