Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.27

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स॒त्यं तत्तु॒र्वशे॒ यदौ॒ विदा॑नो अह्नवा॒य्यम् । व्या॑नट् तु॒र्वणे॒ शमि॑ ॥
सत्यं तत्तुर्वशे यदौ विदानो अह्नवाय्यम् । व्यानट् तुर्वणे शमि ॥
satyaṃ tat turvaśe yadau vidāno ahnavāyyam | vy ānaṭ turvaṇe śami ||

English translation:

“Well-knowing those (sacrificial) deeds of Turvaśa and Yadu, he overcame Anhavāyya in battle.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Turvaśa, Yadu: the names are associated in RV 1.36.18, 54.6; 174.9;

Ahnavayya: he prevailed indisputably inbattle

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): virāḍgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स॒त्यम् । तत् । तु॒र्वशे॑ । यदौ॑ । विदा॑नः । अ॒ह्न॒वा॒य्यम् । वि । आ॒न॒ट् । तु॒र्वणे॑ । शमि॑ ॥
सत्यम् । तत् । तुर्वशे । यदौ । विदानः । अह्नवाय्यम् । वि । आनट् । तुर्वणे । शमि ॥
satyam | tat | turvaśe | yadau | vidānaḥ | ahnavāyyam | vi | ānaṭ | turvaṇe | śami

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.27 English analysis of grammar]

satyaṃ < satyam < satya

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“truth; oath; satya [word]; promise.”

tat < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

turvaśe < turvaśa

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

yadau < yadu

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“Yadu; Yadu.”

vidāno < vidānaḥ < vid

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“find; detect; marry; get; think.”

ahnavāyyam < a

[adverb]

“not; akāra; a [taddhita]; a [word]; a; a.”

ahnavāyyam < hnavāyyam < hnu

[verb noun], accusative, singular

vy < vi

[adverb]

“apart; away; away.”

ānaṭ < naś

[verb], singular, Root aorist (Ind.)

“reach; achieve; enter (a state); reach.”

turvaṇe < tur

[verb noun]

śami

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

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