Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.25

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

या वृ॑त्र॒हा प॑रा॒वति॒ सना॒ नवा॑ च चुच्यु॒वे । ता सं॒सत्सु॒ प्र वो॑चत ॥
या वृत्रहा परावति सना नवा च चुच्युवे । ता संसत्सु प्र वोचत ॥
yā vṛtrahā parāvati sanā navā ca cucyuve | tā saṃsatsu pra vocata ||

English translation:

“Proclaim in our assemblies those perpetual and ever new riches which the slayer of Vṛtra sends fromafar.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

या । वृ॒त्र॒ऽहा । प॒रा॒ऽवति॑ । सना॑ । नवा॑ । च॒ । चु॒च्यु॒वे । ता । सं॒सत्ऽसु॑ । प्र । वो॒च॒त॒ ॥
या । वृत्रहा । परावति । सना । नवा । च । चुच्युवे । ता । संसत्सु । प्र । वोचत ॥
yā | vṛtra-hā | parāvati | sanā | navā | ca | cucyuve | tā | saṃsat-su | pra | vocata

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.25 English analysis of grammar]

< yad

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

vṛtrahā < vṛtrahan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


parāvati < parāvat

[noun], locative, singular, feminine

“distance; distance; distance.”

sanā < sana

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“age-old; ancient.”

navā < nava

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“new; fresh; young; matutinal; recent; nava [word]; modern; fresh.”



“and; besides; then; now; even.”

cucyuve < cyu

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“fall down; issue; shoot; ejaculate; deviate; banish; drop; dislodge; miss; deprive.”

< tad

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

saṃsatsu < saṃsad

[noun], locative, plural, feminine

“assembly; court; company.”



“towards; ahead.”

vocata < vac

[verb], plural, Aorist imperative

“say; describe; name; tell; address; enumerate; call; state; teach; explain; say; declare; speak; define; declare; order; address; recommend; answer; deem; recite; approve; proclaim; indicate; determine; mention; designate.”

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