Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.17

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

उ॒त त्वाब॑धिरं व॒यं श्रुत्क॑र्णं॒ सन्त॑मू॒तये॑ । दू॒रादि॒ह ह॑वामहे ॥
उत त्वाबधिरं वयं श्रुत्कर्णं सन्तमूतये । दूरादिह हवामहे ॥
uta tvābadhiraṃ vayaṃ śrutkarṇaṃ santam ūtaye | dūrād iha havāmahe ||

English translation:

“We invoke you here from afar for our protection, who are never deaf, and whose ears are always opento hear.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

उ॒त । त्वा॒ । अब॑धिरम् । व॒यम् । श्रुत्ऽक॑र्णम् । सन्त॑म् । ऊ॒तये॑ । दू॒रात् । इ॒ह । ह॒वा॒म॒हे॒ ॥
उत । त्वा । अबधिरम् । वयम् । श्रुत्कर्णम् । सन्तम् । ऊतये । दूरात् । इह । हवामहे ॥
uta | tvā | abadhiram | vayam | śrut-karṇam | santam | ūtaye | dūrāt | iha | havāmahe

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.17 English analysis of grammar]



“and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

tvābadhiraṃ < tvā < tvad

[noun], accusative, singular


tvābadhiraṃ < a


“not; akāra; a [taddhita]; a [word]; a; a.”

tvābadhiraṃ < badhiram < badhira

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine


vayaṃ < vayam < mad

[noun], nominative, plural

“I; mine.”

śrutkarṇaṃ < śrut



śrutkarṇaṃ < karṇam < karṇa

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“ear; Karṇa; karṇa [word]; auricle; fluke; diameter; lobule.”

santam < as

[verb noun], accusative, singular

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

ūtaye < ūti

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

“aid; favor; ūti [word].”

dūrād < dūrāt





“here; now; in this world; now; below; there; here; just.”

havāmahe < hvā

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“raise; call on; call; summon.”

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