Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.15

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यस्ते॑ रे॒वाँ अदा॑शुरिः प्रम॒मर्ष॑ म॒घत्त॑ये । तस्य॑ नो॒ वेद॒ आ भ॑र ॥
यस्ते रेवाँ अदाशुरिः प्रममर्ष मघत्तये । तस्य नो वेद आ भर ॥
yas te revām̐ adāśuriḥ pramamarṣa maghattaye | tasya no veda ā bhara ||

English translation:

“Grant to us the possessions of that rich man who, through his niggardliness, reviles you as to yourbestowal of wealth.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यः । ते॒ । रे॒वान् । अदा॑शुरिः । प्र॒ऽम॒मर्ष॑ । म॒घत्त॑ये । तस्य॑ । नः॒ । वेदः॑ । आ । भ॒र॒ ॥
यः । ते । रेवान् । अदाशुरिः । प्रममर्ष । मघत्तये । तस्य । नः । वेदः । आ । भर ॥
yaḥ | te | revān | adāśuriḥ | pra-mamarṣa | maghattaye | tasya | naḥ | vedaḥ | ā | bhara

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.15 English analysis of grammar]

yas < yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

te < tvad

[noun], dative, singular


revāṃ < revām < revā

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine


adāśuriḥ < a


“not; akāra; a [taddhita]; a [word]; a; a.”

adāśuriḥ < dāśuriḥ < dāśuri

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

pramamarṣa < pramṛṣ < √mṛṣ

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

maghattaye < maghatti

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

tasya < tad

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

no < naḥ < mad

[noun], dative, plural

“I; mine.”

veda < vedaḥ < vedas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter




“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

bhara < bhṛ

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“bring; hold; fill; support; wear; possess; carry; nourish; keep; hire; have; satiate; follow; bear.”

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