Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.9

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒स्माकं॒ सु रथं॑ पु॒र इन्द्र॑: कृणोतु सा॒तये॑ । न यं धूर्व॑न्ति धू॒र्तय॑: ॥
अस्माकं सु रथं पुर इन्द्रः कृणोतु सातये । न यं धूर्वन्ति धूर्तयः ॥
asmākaṃ su ratham pura indraḥ kṛṇotu sātaye | na yaṃ dhūrvanti dhūrtayaḥ ||

English translation:

“May Indra, whom no foes can harm, send before us a beautiful chariot for the acquisition (of ourdesires).”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अस्माक॒म् । सु । रथ॑म् । पु॒रः । इन्द्रः॑ । कृ॒णो॒तु॒ । सा॒तये॑ । न । यम् । धूर्व॑न्ति । धू॒र्तयः॑ ॥
अस्माकम् । सु । रथम् । पुरः । इन्द्रः । कृणोतु । सातये । न । यम् । धूर्वन्ति । धूर्तयः ॥
asmākam | su | ratham | puraḥ | indraḥ | kṛṇotu | sātaye | na | yam | dhūrvanti | dhūtaryaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.9 English analysis of grammar]

asmākaṃ < asmākam < mad

[noun], genitive, plural

“I; mine.”

su

[adverb]

“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

ratham < ratha

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“chariot; warrior; ratha [word]; Dalbergia oojeinensis; rattan.”

pura < puras

[adverb]

“ahead; puras [word]; easterly; eastward; east; earlier.”

indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

kṛṇotu < kṛ

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

sātaye < sāti

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

“victory; acquisition; contest.”

na

[adverb]

“not; like; no; na [word].”

yaṃ < yam < yad

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

dhūrvanti < dhūrv

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“damage; hurt.”

dhūrtayaḥ < dhūrti

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“fraud; damage.”

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