Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.7

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यदा॒जिं यात्या॑जि॒कृदिन्द्र॑: स्वश्व॒युरुप॑ । र॒थीत॑मो र॒थीना॑म् ॥
यदाजिं यात्याजिकृदिन्द्रः स्वश्वयुरुप । रथीतमो रथीनाम् ॥
yad ājiṃ yāty ājikṛd indraḥ svaśvayur upa | rathītamo rathīnām ||

English translation:

“When Indra, the warrior, goes to battle, desirous of gallant steeds, he is the foremost of the lords ofchariots.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): pādanicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यत् । आ॒जिम् । याति॑ । आ॒जि॒ऽकृत् । इन्द्रः॑ । स्व॒श्व॒ऽयुः । उप॑ । र॒थिऽत॑मः । र॒थीना॑म् ॥
यत् । आजिम् । याति । आजिकृत् । इन्द्रः । स्वश्वयुः । उप । रथितमः । रथीनाम् ॥
yat | ājim | yāti | āji-kṛt | indraḥ | svaśva-yuḥ | upa | rathi-tamaḥ | rathīnām

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.7 English analysis of grammar]

yad < yat


“once [when]; because; that; if; how.”

ājiṃ < ājim < āji

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“battle; fight; contest; āji [word]; combat.”

yāty < yāti <

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“go; enter (a state); travel; disappear; reach; come; campaign; elapse; arrive; drive; reach; leave; run; depart; ride.”

ājikṛd < āji

[noun], masculine

“battle; fight; contest; āji [word]; combat.”

ājikṛd < kṛt

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“causing; making; performing; promotive; producing; doing; acting; writing; transforming; effecting.”

indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

svaśvayur < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

svaśvayur < aśvayuḥ < aśvayu

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine



“towards; on; next.”

rathītamo < rathītamaḥ < rathītama

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

rathīnām < rathī

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

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