Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.4

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ बु॒न्दं वृ॑त्र॒हा द॑दे जा॒तः पृ॑च्छ॒द्वि मा॒तर॑म् । क उ॒ग्राः के ह॑ शृण्विरे ॥
आ बुन्दं वृत्रहा ददे जातः पृच्छद्वि मातरम् । क उग्राः के ह शृण्विरे ॥
ā bundaṃ vṛtrahā dade jātaḥ pṛcchad vi mātaram | ka ugrāḥ ke ha śṛṇvire ||

English translation:

“The slayer of Vṛtra, as soon as he was born, seized his arrow, and asked his mother, "who are theterrible, who are renowned?"”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ । बु॒न्दम् । वृ॒त्र॒ऽहा । द॒दे॒ । जा॒तः । पृ॒च्छ॒त् । वि । मा॒तर॑म् । के । उ॒ग्राः । के । ह॒ । शृ॒ण्वि॒रे॒ ॥
आ । बुन्दम् । वृत्रहा । ददे । जातः । पृच्छत् । वि । मातरम् । के । उग्राः । के । ह । शृण्विरे ॥
ā | bundam | vṛtra-hā | dade | jātaḥ | pṛcchat | vi | mātaram | ke | ugrāḥ | ke | ha | śṛṇvire

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.4 English analysis of grammar]

ā

[adverb]

“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

bundaṃ < bundam < bunda

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

vṛtrahā < vṛtrahan

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra.”

dade <

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“give; add; perform; put; administer; fill into; give; ignite; put on; offer; use; fuel; pour; grant; feed; teach; construct; insert; drip; wrap; pay; hand over; lend; inflict; concentrate; sacrifice; splint; poultice; create.”

jātaḥ < jan

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“become; originate; be born; transform; happen; result; grow; beget; produce; create; conceive; separate; cause; give birth; grow; produce; generate; be; become; arise; come on.”

pṛcchad < pṛcchat < pracch

[verb], singular, Present injunctive

“ask; ask; ask; consult; interrogate.”

vi

[adverb]

“apart; away; away.”

mātaram < mātṛ

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“mother; mātṛkā; mātṛ [word]; parent; Salvinia cucullata Roxb.; Citrullus colocynthis Schrad.; cow.”

ka < ke < ka

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“what; who; ka [pronoun].”

ugrāḥ < ugra

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“powerful; awful; dangerous; intense; mighty; potent; colicky; atrocious.”

ke < ka

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“what; who; ka [pronoun].”

ha

[adverb]

“indeed; ha [word].”

śṛṇvire < śru

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“listen; come to know; hear; hear; listen; study; heed; learn.”

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