Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.44.30

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

पु॒राग्ने॑ दुरि॒तेभ्य॑: पु॒रा मृ॒ध्रेभ्य॑: कवे । प्र ण॒ आयु॑र्वसो तिर ॥
पुराग्ने दुरितेभ्यः पुरा मृध्रेभ्यः कवे । प्र ण आयुर्वसो तिर ॥
purāgne duritebhyaḥ purā mṛdhrebhyaḥ kave | pra ṇa āyur vaso tira ||

English translation:

“Wise Agni, giver of dwellings, extend our lives,before sins or assailants (destroy us).”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): virūpa āṅgirasaḥ [virūpa āṅgirasa];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): virāḍgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

पु॒रा । अ॒ग्ने॒ । दुः॒ऽइ॒तेभ्यः॑ । पु॒रा । मृ॒ध्रेभ्यः॑ । क॒वे॒ । प्र । नः॒ । आयुः॑ । व॒सो॒ इति॑ । ति॒र॒ ॥
पुरा । अग्ने । दुःइतेभ्यः । पुरा । मृध्रेभ्यः । कवे । प्र । नः । आयुः । वसो इति । तिर ॥
purā | agne | duḥ-itebhyaḥ | purā | mṛdhrebhyaḥ | kave | pra | naḥ | āyuḥ | vaso iti | tira

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.44.30 English analysis of grammar]

purāgne < purā

[adverb]

“once; earlier; first; purā [indecl.].”

purāgne < agne < agni

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

duritebhyaḥ < durita

[noun], ablative, plural, neuter

“danger; sin; difficulty; difficulty; evil.”

purā

[adverb]

“once; earlier; first; purā [indecl.].”

mṛdhrebhyaḥ < mṛdhra

[noun], ablative, plural, neuter

kave < kavi

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“poet; wise man; bard; Venus; Uśanas; kavi [word]; Kavi; prophet; guru; Brahma.”

pra

[adverb]

“towards; ahead.”

ṇa < naḥ < mad

[noun], genitive, plural

“I; mine.”

āyur < āyuḥ < āyus

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“life; longevity; āyus; life; āyus [word]; Āyus.”

vaso < vasu

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“good; good; benign; vasu [word].”

tira < tṛ

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“traverse; overcome; float; rescue; reach; satisfy.”

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