Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.43.13

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

उ॒त त्वा॑ भृगु॒वच्छु॑चे मनु॒ष्वद॑ग्न आहुत । अ॒ङ्गि॒र॒स्वद्ध॑वामहे ॥
उत त्वा भृगुवच्छुचे मनुष्वदग्न आहुत । अङ्गिरस्वद्धवामहे ॥
uta tvā bhṛguvac chuce manuṣvad agna āhuta | aṅgirasvad dhavāmahe ||

English translation:

“Holy Agni, to whom oblations are offered, we worship you in like manner (as you have beenworshipped) by Bhṛgu, by Manus, by Aṅgirasa.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): virūpa āṅgirasaḥ [virūpa āṅgirasa];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

उ॒त । त्वा॒ । भृ॒गु॒ऽवत् । शु॒चे॒ । म॒नु॒ष्वत् । अ॒ग्ने॒ । आ॒ऽहु॒त॒ । अ॒ङ्गि॒र॒स्वत् । ह॒वा॒म॒हे॒ ॥
उत । त्वा । भृगुवत् । शुचे । मनुष्वत् । अग्ने । आहुत । अङ्गिरस्वत् । हवामहे ॥
uta | tvā | bhṛgu-vat | śuce | manuṣvat | agne | āhuta | aṅgirasvat | havāmahe

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.43.13 English analysis of grammar]



“and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

tvā < tvad

[noun], accusative, singular


bhṛguvacchuce < bhṛgu

[noun], masculine

“Bhṛgu; precipice; Bhṛgu; Bhṛgu; Venus; bhṛgu [word].”

bhṛguvacchuce < vat


“equally; like.”

bhṛguvacchuce < śuce < śuci

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“clean; clean; pure; bright; clear; honest; śuci [word]; clear; impeccant.”

manuṣvad < manuṣvat


agna < agne < agni

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

āhuta < āhu < √hu

[verb noun], vocative, singular

“sacrifice; sprinkle.”

aṅgirasvaddhavāmahe < aṅgirasvat


aṅgirasvaddhavāmahe < havāmahe < hvā

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“raise; call on; call; summon.”

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