Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.42.6

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ए॒वा वा॑मह्व ऊ॒तये॒ यथाहु॑वन्त॒ मेधि॑राः । नास॑त्या॒ सोम॑पीतये॒ नभ॑न्तामन्य॒के स॑मे ॥
एवा वामह्व ऊतये यथाहुवन्त मेधिराः । नासत्या सोमपीतये नभन्तामन्यके समे ॥
evā vām ahva ūtaye yathāhuvanta medhirāḥ | nāsatyā somapītaye nabhantām anyake same ||

English translation:

“In like manner as the wise invoke you for protection, so do I invoke you, Nāsatyās, to drink the Soma;may all our enemies perish.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): nābhākaḥ kāṇvaḥ arcānānā vā [nābhāka kāṇva arcānānā vā];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): aśvinau ;
Chandas (meter): anuṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ए॒व । वा॒म् । अ॒ह्वे॒ । ऊ॒तये॑ । यथा॑ । अहु॑वन्त । मेधि॑राः । नास॑त्या । सोम॑ऽपीतये । नभ॑न्ताम् । अ॒न्य॒के । स॒मे॒ ॥
एव । वाम् । अह्वे । ऊतये । यथा । अहुवन्त । मेधिराः । नासत्या । सोमपीतये । नभन्ताम् । अन्यके । समे ॥
eva | vām | ahve | ūtaye | yathā | ahuvanta | medhirāḥ | nāsatyā | soma-pītaye | nabhantām | anyake | same

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.42.6 English analysis of grammar]

evā < eva


“indeed; merely; thus; even; surely; same; eva [word]; successively; immediately; in truth.”

vām < tvad

[noun], accusative, dual


ahva < ahve < hvā

[verb], singular, Thematic aorist (Ind.)

“raise; call on; call; summon.”

ūtaye < ūti

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

“aid; favor; ūti [word].”

yathāhuvanta < yathā


“equally; as; so that; like; how; yathā [word]; that; wherein.”

yathāhuvanta < ahuvanta < hvā

[verb], plural, Imperfect

“raise; call on; call; summon.”

medhirāḥ < medhira

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“wise; intelligent.”

nāsatyā < nāsatya

[noun], vocative, dual, masculine

“Asvins; nāsatya [word].”

somapītaye < soma

[noun], masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”

somapītaye < pītaye < pīti

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

“drinking; haritāla.”

nabhantām < nabh

[verb], plural, Present imperative


anyake < anyaka

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“other; another(a).”

same < sama

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“like; like; alike(p); level; symmetrical; balanced; average; same; regular; impartial; imperturbable; even; sama [word]; every(a); accurate; identical; fair; equal; synonymous; changeless; whole; exact; calm; straight; even; wide.”

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