Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.42.5

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यथा॑ वा॒मत्रि॑रश्विना गी॒र्भिर्विप्रो॒ अजो॑हवीत् । नास॑त्या॒ सोम॑पीतये॒ नभ॑न्तामन्य॒के स॑मे ॥
यथा वामत्रिरश्विना गीर्भिर्विप्रो अजोहवीत् । नासत्या सोमपीतये नभन्तामन्यके समे ॥
yathā vām atrir aśvinā gīrbhir vipro ajohavīt | nāsatyā somapītaye nabhantām anyake same ||

English translation:

“In like manner as the pious Atri, Aśvins, invoked you with hymns, so (I invoke you), Nāsatyās, todrink the Soma; may all our enemies perish.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): nābhākaḥ kāṇvaḥ arcānānā vā [nābhāka kāṇva arcānānā vā];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): aśvinau ;
Chandas (meter): anuṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यथा॑ । वा॒म् । अत्रिः॑ । अ॒श्वि॒ना॒ । गीः॒ऽभिः । विप्रः॑ । अजो॑हवीत् । नास॑त्या । सोम॑ऽपीतये । नभ॑न्ताम् । अ॒न्य॒के । स॒मे॒ ॥
यथा । वाम् । अत्रिः । अश्विना । गीःभिः । विप्रः । अजोहवीत् । नासत्या । सोमपीतये । नभन्ताम् । अन्यके । समे ॥
yathā | vām | atriḥ | aśvinā | gīḥ-bhiḥ | vipraḥ | ajohavīt | nāsatyā | soma-pītaye | nabhantām | anyake | same

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.42.5 English analysis of grammar]



“equally; as; so that; like; how; yathā [word]; that; wherein.”

vām < tvad

[noun], accusative, dual


atrir < atriḥ < atri

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Atri; Atri; atri [word].”

aśvinā < aśvin

[noun], vocative, dual, masculine

“Asvins; two.”

gīrbhir < gīrbhiḥ < gir

[noun], instrumental, plural, feminine

“hymn; praise; voice; words; invocation; command; statement; cry; language.”

vipro < vipraḥ < vipra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“eloquent; stimulated; divine.”

ajohavīt < johav < √hvā

[verb], singular, Imperfect


nāsatyā < nāsatya

[noun], vocative, dual, masculine

“Asvins; nāsatya [word].”

somapītaye < soma

[noun], masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”

somapītaye < pītaye < pīti

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

“drinking; haritāla.”

nabhantām < nabh

[verb], plural, Present imperative


anyake < anyaka

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“other; another(a).”

same < sama

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“like; like; alike(p); level; symmetrical; balanced; average; same; regular; impartial; imperturbable; even; sama [word]; every(a); accurate; identical; fair; equal; synonymous; changeless; whole; exact; calm; straight; even; wide.”

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