Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.25.22

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ऋ॒ज्रमु॑क्ष॒ण्याय॑ने रज॒तं हर॑याणे । रथं॑ यु॒क्तम॑सनाम सु॒षाम॑णि ॥
ऋज्रमुक्षण्यायने रजतं हरयाणे । रथं युक्तमसनाम सुषामणि ॥
ṛjram ukṣaṇyāyane rajataṃ harayāṇe | rathaṃ yuktam asanāma suṣāmaṇi ||

English translation:

“We have received from the son of Suṣāman, the descendant of Ukṣan, the overcomer (of foes), awell-going chariot of silver, yoked (with a pair of horses).”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): viśvamanā vaiyaśvaḥ [viśvamanā vaiyaśva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): mitrāvaruṇau ;
Chandas (meter): virāḍuṣnik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ऋ॒ज्रम् । उ॒क्ष॒ण्याय॑ने । र॒ज॒तम् । हर॑याणे । रथ॑म् । यु॒क्तम् । अ॒स॒ना॒म॒ । सु॒ऽसाम॑नि ॥
ऋज्रम् । उक्षण्यायने । रजतम् । हरयाणे । रथम् । युक्तम् । असनाम । सुसामनि ॥
ṛjram | ukṣaṇyāyane | rajatam | harayāṇe | ratham | yuktam | asanāma | su-sāmani

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.25.22 English analysis of grammar]

ṛjram < ṛjra

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“red.”

ukṣaṇyāyane < ukṣaṇyāyana

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

rajataṃ < rajatam < rajata

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“silver.”

harayāṇe < harayāṇa

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

rathaṃ < ratham < ratha

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“chariot; warrior; ratha [word]; Dalbergia oojeinensis; rattan.”

yuktam < yuj

[verb noun], accusative, singular

“mix; use; endow; yoke; accompany; to practice Yoga; connect; hire; administer; compound; affect; add; concentrate; unite; join; prosecute; combine; supply; compound; attach to; appoint; fill; process; mobilize; mount; complement; eat; join; treat; coincide; affect; challenge.”

asanāma < san

[verb], plural, Thematic aorist (Ind.)

“win; get; gain.”

suṣāmaṇi < suṣāman

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

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