Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.25.20

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वचो॑ दी॒र्घप्र॑सद्म॒नीशे॒ वाज॑स्य॒ गोम॑तः । ईशे॒ हि पि॒त्वो॑ऽवि॒षस्य॑ दा॒वने॑ ॥
वचो दीर्घप्रसद्मनीशे वाजस्य गोमतः । ईशे हि पित्वोऽविषस्य दावने ॥
vaco dīrghaprasadmanīśe vājasya gomataḥ | īśe hi pitvo 'viṣasya dāvane ||

English translation:

“Raise your voice in the spacious hall of sacrifice (to him) who is lord over food derived from cattle, whois able to grant nutritious sustenance.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Spacious hall: dīrghaprasadmani: an epithet of yajñe; vistṛtamsadanam yasmin yajñe

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): viśvamanā vaiyaśvaḥ [viśvamanā vaiyaśva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): mitrāvaruṇau ;
Chandas (meter): virāḍuṣnik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वचः॑ । दी॒र्घऽप्र॑सद्मनि । ईशे॑ । वाज॑स्य । गोऽम॑तः । ईशे॑ । हि । पि॒त्वः॑ । अ॒वि॒षस्य॑ । दा॒वने॑ ॥
वचः । दीर्घप्रसद्मनि । ईशे । वाजस्य । गोमतः । ईशे । हि । पित्वः । अविषस्य । दावने ॥
vacaḥ | dīrgha-prasadmani | īśe | vājasya | go--mataḥ | īśe | hi | pitvaḥ | aviṣasya | dāvane

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.25.20 English analysis of grammar]

vaco < vacaḥ < vacas

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“statement; command; speech; words; advice; word; voice.”

dīrghaprasadmanīśe < dīrghaprasadmani < dīrghaprasadman

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

dīrghaprasadmanīśe < īśe < īś

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“govern; command; master; dominate; can; reign; control; own.”

vājasya < vāja

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“prize; Vāja; reward; reward; Ribhus; vigor; strength; contest.”

gomataḥ < gomat

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“rich in cattle; bovine.”

īśe < īś

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“govern; command; master; dominate; can; reign; control; own.”

hi

[adverb]

“because; indeed; for; therefore; hi [word].”

pitvo < pitvaḥ < pitu

[noun], genitive, singular, neuter

“food.”

'viṣasya < a

[adverb]

“not; akāra; a [taddhita]; a [word]; a; a.”

'viṣasya < viṣasya < viṣa

[noun], genitive, singular, neuter

“poison; poisoning; viṣa; venom; vatsanābha; Aconitum Ferox; viṣa [word]; Viṣa; myrrh; myrrh.”

dāvane <

[verb noun]

“give; add; perform; put; administer; fill into; give; ignite; put on; offer; use; fuel; pour; grant; feed; teach; construct; insert; drip; wrap; pay; hand over; lend; inflict; concentrate; sacrifice; splint; poultice; create.”

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