Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.25.12

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अघ्न॑ते॒ विष्ण॑वे व॒यमरि॑ष्यन्तः सु॒दान॑वे । श्रु॒धि स्व॑यावन्त्सिन्धो पू॒र्वचि॑त्तये ॥
अघ्नते विष्णवे वयमरिष्यन्तः सुदानवे । श्रुधि स्वयावन्त्सिन्धो पूर्वचित्तये ॥
aghnate viṣṇave vayam ariṣyantaḥ sudānave | śrudhi svayāvan sindho pūrvacittaye ||

English translation:

“We, injured (through his protection, offer praise) to the liberal Viṣṇu, who harms not (his adorers); doyou who goes by thyself alone (to combat), and cause wealth to flow (to the worshipper), hear (our prayer) inbehalf of him who has commenced the sacrifice.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Sindho = stotṛn prati dhanānām syandanaśīla viṣṇo;

Pūrvacittaye = prārabdhakarmaṇe yajamānāya


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): viśvamanā vaiyaśvaḥ [viśvamanā vaiyaśva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): uṣṇik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अघ्न॑ते । विष्ण॑वे । व॒यम् । अरि॑ष्यन्तः । सु॒ऽदान॑वे । श्रु॒धि । स्व॒ऽया॒व॒न् । सि॒न्धो॒ इति॑ । पू॒र्वऽचि॑त्तये ॥
अघ्नते । विष्णवे । वयम् । अरिष्यन्तः । सुदानवे । श्रुधि । स्वयावन् । सिन्धो इति । पूर्वचित्तये ॥
aghnate | viṣṇave | vayam | ariṣyantaḥ | su-dānave | śrudhi | sva-yāvan | sindho iti | pūrva-cittaye

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.25.12 English analysis of grammar]

aghnate < a


“not; akāra; a [taddhita]; a [word]; a; a.”

aghnate < ghnate < han

[verb noun], dative, singular

“kill; cure; māray; remove; destroy; hit; injure; damage; destroy; paralyze; hurt; forge; beat; cut off; stop; overwhelm; kick; hunt; affect; strike; hammer; love; obstruct; shoot.”

viṣṇave < viṣṇu

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“Vishnu; Krishna; Viṣṇu; Om; Shiva.”

vayam < mad

[noun], nominative, plural

“I; mine.”

ariṣyantaḥ < a


“not; akāra; a [taddhita]; a [word]; a; a.”

ariṣyantaḥ < riṣyantaḥ < riṣ

[verb noun], nominative, plural

“suffer; harm.”

sudānave < sudānu

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“big; lavish.”

śrudhi < śru

[verb], singular, Aorist imperative

“listen; come to know; hear; hear; listen; study; heed; learn.”

svayāvan < sva


“own(a); respective(a); akin(p); sva [word]; individual; present(a); independent.”

svayāvan < yāvan

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine


sindho < sindhu

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“river; Indus; sindhu [word].”

pūrvacittaye < pūrvacitti

[noun], dative, singular, feminine


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