Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.23.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

दा॒मानं॑ विश्वचर्षणे॒ऽग्निं वि॑श्वमनो गि॒रा । उ॒त स्तु॑षे॒ विष्प॑र्धसो॒ रथा॑नाम् ॥
दामानं विश्वचर्षणेऽग्निं विश्वमनो गिरा । उत स्तुषे विष्पर्धसो रथानाम् ॥
dāmānaṃ viśvacarṣaṇe 'gniṃ viśvamano girā | uta stuṣe viṣpardhaso rathānām ||

English translation:

“Commend with praise, all-beholding Viśvamanas, that Agni, who is the giver of chariots to theunenvious (worshipper).”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): viśvamanā vaiyaśvaḥ [viśvamanā vaiyaśva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): virāḍuṣnik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

दा॒मान॑म् । वि॒श्व॒ऽच॒र्ष॒णे॒ । अ॒ग्निम् । वि॒श्व॒ऽम॒नः॒ । गि॒रा । उ॒त । स्तु॒षे॒ । विऽस्प॑र्धसः । रथा॑नाम् ॥
दामानम् । विश्वचर्षणे । अग्निम् । विश्वमनः । गिरा । उत । स्तुषे । विस्पर्धसः । रथानाम् ॥
dāmānam | viśva-carṣaṇe | agnim | viśva-manaḥ | girā | uta | stuṣe | vi-spadharsaḥ | rathānām

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.23.2 English analysis of grammar]

dāmānaṃ < dāmānam < dāman

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

viśvacarṣaṇe < viśvacarṣaṇi

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

'gniṃ < agnim < agni

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

viśvamano < viśvamanaḥ < viśvamanas

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

girā < gir

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“hymn; praise; voice; words; invocation; command; statement; cry; language.”



“and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

stuṣe < stu

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“laud; praise; declare; stu.”

viṣpardhaso < viṣpardhasaḥ < viṣpardhas

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

rathānām < ratha

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“chariot; warrior; ratha [word]; Dalbergia oojeinensis; rattan.”

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