Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.19.5

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यः स॒मिधा॒ य आहु॑ती॒ यो वेदे॑न द॒दाश॒ मर्तो॑ अ॒ग्नये॑ । यो नम॑सा स्वध्व॒रः ॥
यः समिधा य आहुती यो वेदेन ददाश मर्तो अग्नये । यो नमसा स्वध्वरः ॥
yaḥ samidhā ya āhutī yo vedena dadāśa marto agnaye | yo namasā svadhvaraḥ ||

English translation:

“The man who has presented (worship) to Agni with fuel, with burnt offerings, with the Veda, with(sacrificial) food, and is diligent in pious rites.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

With the Veda: vedena = vedādhyayanena, by studying the Veda;or, it may mean, a bundle of grass


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): sobhariḥ kāṇvaḥ [sobhari kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): kakubuṣṇik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यः । स॒म्ऽइधा॑ । यः । आऽहु॑ती । यः । वेदे॑न । द॒दाश॑ । मर्तः॑ । अ॒ग्नये॑ । यः । नम॑सा । सु॒ऽअ॒ध्व॒रः ॥
यः । सम्इधा । यः । आहुती । यः । वेदेन । ददाश । मर्तः । अग्नये । यः । नमसा । सुअध्वरः ॥
yaḥ | sam-idhā | yaḥ | āhutī | yaḥ | vedena | dadāśa | martaḥ | agnaye | yaḥ | namasā | su-adhvaraḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.19.5 English analysis of grammar]

yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

samidhā < samidh

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“firewood; kindling; fuel; fire.”

ya < yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

āhutī < āhuti

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“āhuti; offering.”

yo < yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

vedena < veda

[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine

“Veda; four; Veda; one-fourth; knowledge.”

dadāśa < dāś

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“sacrifice; give.”

marto < martaḥ < marta

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


agnaye < agni

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

yo < yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

namasā < namas

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“adoration; court; namas [word]; bow; salute.”

svadhvaraḥ < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

svadhvaraḥ < adhvaraḥ < adhvara

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“yajña; ceremony; adhvara [word].”

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